Swear v. i. [imp. Swore formerly Sware p. p. Sworn p. pr. & vb. n. Swearing.]
1. To affirm or utter a solemn declaration, with an appeal to God for the truth of what is affirmed; to make a promise, threat, or resolve on oath; also, to affirm solemnly by some sacred object, or one regarded as sacred, as the Bible, the Koran, etc.
Ye shall swear by my name falsely. --Lev. xix. 12.
I swear by all the Roman gods. --Shak.
2. Law To give evidence on oath; as, to swear to the truth of a statement; he swore against the prisoner.
3. To make an appeal to God in an irreverant manner; to use the name of God or sacred things profanely; to call upon God in imprecation; to curse.
[I] swore little; diced not above seven times a week. --Shak.
To swear by, to place great confidence in a person or thing; to trust implicitly as an authority. “I simply meant to ask if you are one of those who swear by Lord Verulam.” --Miss Edgeworth.
To swear off, to make a solemn vow, or a serious resolution, to abstain from something; as, to swear off smoking. [Slang]
Sworn p. p. of Swear.
Sworn brothers, originally, companions in arms who took an oath to share together good and bad fortune; hence, faithful friends.
Sworn enemies, determined or irreconcilable enemies.
Sworn friends, close friends.
v 1: utter obscenities or profanities; "The drunken men were
cursing loudly in the street" [syn: curse, cuss, blaspheme,
2: to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true; "Before
God I swear I am innocent" [syn: affirm, verify, assert,
avow, aver, swan]
3: promise solemnly; take an oath
4: make a deposition; declare under oath [syn: depose, depone]
5: have confidence or faith in; "We can trust in God"; "Rely on
your friends"; "bank on your good education"; "I swear by
my grandmother's recipes" [syn: trust, rely, bank]
[ant: distrust, distrust]
[also: sworn, swore]
adj 1: bound by or as if by an oath; "according to an early
tradition became his sworn brother"; "sworn enemies"
2: bound by or stated on oath; "now my sworn friend and then
mine enemy"- Shakespeare [ant: unsworn]