re·fine /rɪˈfaɪn/ 及物動詞
Re·fine, v. i.
1. To become pure; to be cleared of feculent matter.
So the pure, limpid stream, when foul with stains,
Works itself clear, and, as it runs, refines. --Addison.
2. To improve in accuracy, delicacy, or excellence.
Chaucer refined on Boccace, and mended his stories. --Dryden.
But let a lord once own the happy lines,
How the wit brightens! How the style refines! --Pope.
3. To affect nicety or subtilty in thought or language. “He makes another paragraph about our refining in controversy.”
Re·fine v. t. [imp. & p. p. Refined p. pr. & vb. n. Refining.]
1. To reduce to a fine, unmixed, or pure state; to free from impurities; to free from dross or alloy; to separate from extraneous matter; to purify; to defecate; as, to refine gold or silver; to refine iron; to refine wine or sugar.
I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined. --Zech. xiii. 9.
2. To purify from what is gross, coarse, vulgar, inelegant, low, and the like; to make elegant or exellent; to polish; as, to refine the manners, the language, the style, the taste, the intellect, or the moral feelings.
The thoughts, and heart enlarges. --Milton.
Syn: -- To purify; clarify; polish; ennoble.
v 1: improve or perfect by pruning or polishing; "refine one's
style of writing" [syn: polish, fine-tune, down]
2: make more complex, intricate, or richer; "refine a design or
pattern" [syn: complicate, rarify, elaborate]
3: treat or prepare so as to put in a usable condition; "refine
paper stock"; "refine pig iron"; "refine oil"
4: reduce to a fine, unmixed, or pure state; separate from
extraneous matter or cleanse from impurities; "refine
sugar" [syn: rectify]
5: attenuate or reduce in vigor, strength, or validity by
polishing or purifying; "many valuable nutrients are
refined out of the foods in our modern diet"
6: make more precise or increase the discriminatory powers of;
"refine a method of analysis"; "refine the constant in the