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From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 Bench n.; pl. Benches
 1. A long seat, differing from a stool in its greater length.
    Mossy benches supplied the place of chairs.   --Sir W. Scott.
 2. A long table at which mechanics and other work; as, a carpenter's bench.
 3. The seat where judges sit in court.
    To pluck down justice from your awful bench.   --Shak.
 4. The persons who sit as judges; the court; as, the opinion of the full bench. See King's Bench.
 5. A collection or group of dogs exhibited to the public; -- so named because the animals are usually placed on benches or raised platforms.
 6. A conformation like a bench; a long stretch of flat ground, or a kind of natural terrace, near a lake or river.
 Bench mark Leveling, one of a number of marks along a line of survey, affixed to permanent objects, to show where leveling staffs were placed.  See bench mark in the vocabulary.
 Bench of bishops, the whole body of English prelates assembled in council.
 Bench plane, any plane used by carpenters and joiners for working a flat surface, as jack planes, long planes.
 Bench show, an exhibition of dogs.
 Bench table Arch., a projecting course at the base of a building, or round a pillar, sufficient to form a seat.