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3 definitions found

From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 Mas·tic n.  [Written also mastich.]
 1. Bot. A low shrubby tree of the genus Pistacia (Pistacia Lentiscus), growing upon the islands and coasts of the Mediterranean, and producing a valuable resin; -- called also, mastic tree.
 2. A resin exuding from the mastic tree, and obtained by incision.  The best is in yellowish white, semitransparent tears, of a faint smell, and is used as an astringent and an aromatic, also as an ingredient in varnishes.
 3. A kind of cement composed of burnt clay, litharge, and linseed oil, used for plastering walls, etc.
 Barbary mastic Bot., the Pistachia Atlantica.
 Peruvian mastic tree Bot., a small tree (Schinus Molle) with peppery red berries; -- called also pepper tree.
 West Indian mastic Bot., a lofty tree (Bursera gummifera) full of gum resin in every part.
 

From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 Pep·per n.
 1. A well-known, pungently aromatic condiment, the dried berry, either whole or powdered, of the Piper nigrum.
 Note:Common pepper, or black pepper, is made from the whole berry, dried just before maturity; white pepper is made from the ripe berry after the outer skin has been removed by maceration and friction.  It has less of the peculiar properties of the plant than the black pepper.  Pepper is used in medicine as a carminative stimulant.
 2. Bot. The plant which yields pepper, an East Indian woody climber (Piper nigrum), with ovate leaves and apetalous flowers in spikes opposite the leaves. The berries are red when ripe. Also, by extension, any one of the several hundred species of the genus Piper, widely dispersed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the earth.
 3. Any plant of the genus Capsicum (of the Solanaceae family, which are unrelated to Piper), and its fruit; red pepper; chili pepper; as, the {bell pepper} and the {jalapeno pepper} (both Capsicum annuum) and the {habanero pepper} (Capsicum chinense); .  These contain varying levels of the substance capsaicin (C18H27O3N), which gives the peppers their hot taste.  The habanero is about 25-50 times hotter than the jalapeno according to a scale developed by Wilbur Scoville in 1912.  See also Capsicum and http://www.chili-pepper-plants.com/.
 Note:The term pepper has been extended to various other fruits and plants, more or less closely resembling the true pepper, esp. to the common varieties of Capsicum. See Capsicum, and the Phrases, below.
 African pepper, the Guinea pepper. See under Guinea.
 Cayenne pepper. See under Cayenne.
 Chinese pepper, the spicy berries of the Xanthoxylum piperitum, a species of prickly ash found in China and Japan.
 Guinea pepper. See under Guinea, and Capsicum.
 Jamaica pepper. See Allspice.
 Long pepper. (a) The spike of berries of Piper longum, an East Indian shrub. (b) The root of Piper methysticum (syn. Macropiper methysticum) of the family Piperaceae.  See Kava.
 Malaguetta pepper, or Meleguetta pepper, the aromatic seeds of the Amomum Melegueta, an African plant of the Ginger family.  They are sometimes used to flavor beer, etc., under the name of grains of Paradise.
 Red pepper. See Capsicum.
 Sweet pepper bush Bot., an American shrub (Clethra alnifolia), with racemes of fragrant white flowers; -- called also white alder.
 Pepper box or Pepper caster, a small box or bottle, with a perforated lid, used for sprinkling ground pepper on food, etc.
 Pepper corn. See in the Vocabulary.
 Pepper elder Bot., a West Indian name of several plants of the Pepper family, species of Piper and Peperomia.
 Pepper moth Zool., a European moth (Biston betularia) having white wings covered with small black specks.
 Pepper pot, a mucilaginous soup or stew of vegetables and cassareep, much esteemed in the West Indies.
 Pepper root. Bot.. See Coralwort.
 pepper sauce, a condiment for the table, made of small red peppers steeped in vinegar.
 Pepper tree Bot., an aromatic tree (Drimys axillaris) of the Magnolia family, common in New Zealand. See Peruvian mastic tree, under Mastic.

From: WordNet (r) 2.0

 pepper tree
      n 1: small Peruvian evergreen with broad rounded head and slender
           pendant branches with attractive clusters of greenish
           flowers followed by clusters of rose-pink fruits [syn: molle,
            Peruvian mastic tree, Schinus molle]
      2: small African deciduous tree with spreading crown having
         leaves clustered toward ends of branches and clusters of
         creamy flowers resembling lilacs [syn: Kirkia wilmsii]