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metric system 名詞

米制,公制

Me·ter, Me·tre n.

1. Rhythmical arrangement of syllables or words into verses, stanzas, strophes, etc.; poetical measure, depending on number, quantity, and accent of syllables; rhythm; measure; verse; also, any specific rhythmical arrangements; as, the Horatian meters; a dactylic meter.

*The only strict antithesis to prose is meter.* --*Wordsworth.*

2. A poem. [Obs.]

3. A measure of length, equal to 39.37 English inches, the standard of linear measure in the metric system of weights and measures. It was intended to be, and is very nearly, the ten millionth part of the distance from the equator to the north pole, as ascertained by actual measurement of an arc of a meridian. See Metric system, under Metric.

**Common meter** Hymnol., four iambic verses, or lines, making a stanza, the first and third having each four feet, and the second and fourth each three feet; -- usually indicated by the initials C. M.

**Long meter** Hymnol., iambic verses or lines of four feet each, four verses usually making a stanza; -- commonly indicated by the initials L. M.

**Short meter** Hymnol., iambic verses or lines, the first, second, and fourth having each three feet, and the third four feet. The stanza usually consists of four lines, but is sometimes doubled. __Short meter__ is indicated by the initials S. M.

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Met·ric sys·tem n. A system of weights and measures originating in France, the use of which is required by law in many countries, and permitted in many others, including the United States; the system is also called by its French name, Le Système International de Unités (abbreviated SI). The principal unit of length is the __meter__ (see Meter). From this are formed the __are__, the __liter__, the __stere__, the __gram__, etc. These units, and others derived from them, are divided decimally, and larger units are formed from multiples by 10, 100, 1,000, and 10,000. The successive multiplies are designated by the prefixes, __deka-__ (formerly __deca-__), __hecto-__, __kilo-__, and __myria-__ (seldom used); successive parts by __deci-__, __centi-__, and __milli-__. The prefixes __mega-__ and __micro-__ are used to denote a multiple by one million, and the millionth part, respectively; __giga-__ and __nano-__ denote multiples of one billion (1,000,000,000) and one billionth, respectively. The prefix for one trillion (10^{12}) is __tera__, and for one trillionth (10^{-12}) is __pico__; for one quintillion (10^{15}) __peta__, and for (10^{-15}) (one quintillionth) __femto__; for (10^{-18}) __atto__. See the words formed with these prefixes in the Vocabulary. For __metric tables__, see p. 1682.

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Met·ric a.

1. Relating to measurement; involving, or proceeding by, measurement.

2. Of or pertaining to the meter as a standard of measurement; of or pertaining to the decimal system of measurement of which a meter is the unit; as, the metric system; a metric measurement.

**Metric analysis** Chem., analysis by volume; volumetric analysis.

**Metric system**, See metric system in the vocabulary.

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From: WordNet (r) 2.0

metric system

n : a decimal system of weights and measures based on the meter

and the kilogram and the second