stiff /ˈstɪf/ 形容詞
Stiff a. [Compar. Stiffer superl. Stiffest.]
1. Not easily bent; not flexible or pliant; not limber or flaccid; rigid; firm; as, stiff wood, paper, joints.
[They] rising on stiff pennons, tower
The mid aerial sky. --Milton.
2. Not liquid or fluid; thick and tenacious; inspissated; neither soft nor hard; as, the paste is stiff.
3. Firm; strong; violent; difficult to oppose; as, a stiff gale or breeze.
4. Not easily subdued; unyielding; stubborn; obstinate; pertinacious; as, a stiff adversary.
It is a shame to stand stiff in a foolish argument. --Jer. Taylor.
A war ensues: the Cretans own their cause,
Stiff to defend their hospitable laws. --Dryden.
5. Not natural and easy; formal; constrained; affected; starched; as, stiff behavior; a stiff style.
The French are open, familiar, and talkative; the Italians stiff, ceremonious, and reserved. --Addison.
6. Harsh; disagreeable; severe; hard to bear. [Obs. or Colloq.] “This is stiff news.”
7. Naut. Bearing a press of canvas without careening much; as, a stiff vessel; -- opposed to crank.
8. Very large, strong, or costly; powerful; as, a stiff charge; a stiff price. [Slang]
Stiff neck, a condition of the neck such that the head can not be moved without difficulty and pain.
Syn: -- Rigid; inflexible; strong; hardly; stubborn; obstinate; pertinacious; harsh; formal; constrained; affected; starched; rigorous.
adj 1: lacking ease in bending; not limber; "a stiff neck"; "stiff
joints"; "stiff hairs"
2: not moving or operating freely; "a stiff hinge"
3: powerful; "a stiff current"; "a stiff breeze"; "a stiff
4: rigidly formal; "a starchy manner"; "the letter was stiff
and formal"; "his prose has a buckram quality" [syn: starchy,
5: hard to overcome or surmount; "a stiff hike"; "a stiff
exam"; "an uphill battle against a popular incumbant"
6: of a collar; standing up rather than folded down; "an
uncomfortable standup collar"; "a stiff collar" [syn: stand-up]
7: incapable of or resistant to bending; "a rigid strip of
metal"; "a table made of rigid plastic"; "a palace
guardsman stiff as a poker" [syn: rigid]
8: very drunk [syn: besotted, blind drunk, blotto, crocked,
cockeyed, fuddled, loaded, pie-eyed, pissed, pixilated,
plastered, potty, slopped, sloshed, smashed, soaked,
soused, sozzled, squiffy, tiddly, tiddley, tight,
n 1: an ordinary man; "a lucky stiff"; "a working stiff"
2: the dead body of a human being [syn: cadaver, corpse, clay,
adv 1: extremely; "bored stiff"; "frightened stiff"
2: in a stiff manner; "his hands lay stiffly" [syn: stiffly]