vault =/ˈvɔlt, <ɪ>ʧɪɛflj ɑrɪtɪʃɪ> ˈvɑlt/= 名詞
1. Arch. An arched structure of masonry, forming a ceiling or canopy.
The long-drawn aisle and fretted vault. --Gray.
2. An arched apartment; especially, a subterranean room, used for storing articles, for a prison, for interment, or the like; a cell; a cellar. “Charnel vaults.”
The silent vaults of death. --Sandys.
To banish rats that haunt our vault. --Swift.
3. The canopy of heaven; the sky.
That heaven's vault should crack. --Shak.
4. A leap or bound. Specifically: -- (a) Man. The bound or leap of a horse; a curvet. (b) A leap by aid of the hands, or of a pole, springboard, or the like.
Note: ☞ The l in this word was formerly often suppressed in pronunciation.
Barrel vault, Cradle vault, Cylindrical vault, or Wagon vault Arch., a kind of vault having two parallel abutments, and the same section or profile at all points. It may be rampant, as over a staircase (see Rampant vault, under Rampant), or curved in plan, as around the apse of a church.
Coved vault. Arch. See under 1st Cove, v. t.
Groined vault Arch., a vault having groins, that is, one in which different cylindrical surfaces intersect one another, as distinguished from a barrel, or wagon, vault.
Rampant vault. Arch. See under Rampant.
Ribbed vault Arch., a vault differing from others in having solid ribs which bear the weight of the vaulted surface. True Gothic vaults are of this character.
Vault light, a partly glazed plate inserted in a pavement or ceiling to admit light to a vault below.
Vault v. t. [imp. & p. p. Vaulted; p. pr. & vb. n. Vaulting.]
1. To form with a vault, or to cover with a vault; to give the shape of an arch to; to arch; as, to vault a roof; to vault a passage to a court.
The shady arch that vaulted the broad green alley. --Sir W. Scott.
2. To leap over; esp., to leap over by aid of the hands or a pole; as, to vault a fence.
I will vault credit, and affect high pleasures. --Webster (1623).
Vault, v. i.
1. To leap; to bound; to jump; to spring.
Vaulting ambition, which o'erleaps itself. --Shak.
Leaning on his lance, he vaulted on a tree. --Dryden.
Lucan vaulted upon Pegasus with all the heat and intrepidity of youth. --Addison.
2. To exhibit feats of tumbling or leaping; to tumble.
n 1: a burial chamber (usually underground) [syn: burial vault]
2: a strongroom or compartment (often made of steel) for
safekeeping of valuables [syn: bank vault]
3: an arched brick or stone ceiling or roof
4: the act of jumping over an obstacle [syn: hurdle]
v 1: jump across or leap over (an obstacle) [syn: overleap]
2: bound vigorously