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4 definitions found

From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 Liv·er, n.  Anat. A very large glandular and vascular organ in the visceral cavity of all vertebrates.
 Note:Most of the venous blood from the alimentary canal passes through it on its way back to the heart; and it secretes the bile, produces glycogen, and in other ways changes the blood which passes through it. In man it is situated immediately beneath the diaphragm and mainly on the right side. See Bile, Digestive, and Glycogen.  The liver of invertebrate animals is usually made up of cæcal tubes, and differs materially, in form and function, from that of vertebrates.
 Floating liver. See Wandering liver, under Wandering.
 Liver of antimony, Liver of sulphur. Old Chem. See Hepar.
 Liver brown, Liver color, the color of liver, a dark, reddish brown.
 Liver shark Zool., a very large shark (Cetorhinus maximus), inhabiting the northern coasts both of Europe and North America. It sometimes becomes forty feet in length, being one of the largest sharks known; but it has small simple teeth, and is not dangerous. It is captured for the sake of its liver, which often yields several barrels of oil. It has gill rakers, resembling whalebone, by means of which it separates small animals from the sea water.  Called also basking shark, bone shark, hoemother, homer, and sailfish; it is sometimes referred to as whale shark, but that name is more commonly used for the Rhincodon typus, which grows even larger.
 Liver spots, yellowish brown patches on the skin, or spots of chloasma.

From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 Shark n.
 1. Zool. Any one of numerous species of elasmobranch fishes of the order Plagiostomi, found in all seas.
 Note:Some sharks, as the basking shark and the whale shark, grow to an enormous size, the former becoming forty feet or more, and the latter sixty feet or more, in length. Most of them are harmless to man, but some are exceedingly voracious.  The man-eating sharks mostly belong to the genera Carcharhinus, Carcharodon, and related genera. They have several rows of large sharp teeth with serrated edges, as the great white shark (Carcharodon carcharias or Carcharodon Rondeleti) of tropical seas, and the great blue shark (Carcharhinus glaucus syn. Prionace glauca) of all tropical and temperate seas.  The former sometimes becomes thirty-six feet long, and is the most voracious and dangerous species known.  The rare man-eating shark of the United States coast (Carcharodon Atwoodi) is thought by some to be a variety, or the young, of Carcharodon carcharias.  The dusky shark (Carcharhinus obscurus) is a common species on the coast of the United States of moderate size and not dangerous.  It feeds on shellfish and bottom fishes.
 2. A rapacious, artful person; a sharper. [Colloq.]
 3. Trickery; fraud; petty rapine; as, to live upon the shark. [Obs.]
 Basking shark, Liver shark, Nurse shark, Oil shark, Sand shark, Tiger shark, etc. See under Basking, Liver, etc.  See also Dogfish, Houndfish, Notidanian, and Tope.
 Gray shark, the sand shark.
 Hammer-headed shark. See Hammerhead.
 Port Jackson shark.  See Cestraciont.
 Shark barrow, the eggcase of a shark; a sea purse.
 Shark ray. Same as Angel fish (a), under Angel.
 Thrasher shark or Thresher shark, a large, voracious shark. See Thrasher.
 Whale shark, a huge harmless shark (Rhinodon typicus) of the Indian Ocean.  It becomes sixty feet or more in length, but has very small teeth.

From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 Bask·ing shark Zool. One of the largest species of sharks (Cetorhinus maximus), so called from its habit of basking in the sun; the liver shark, or bone shark.  It inhabits the northern seas of Europe and America, and grows to a length of more than forty feet. It is a harmless species.
 

From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 Hoe·moth·er n.  Zool. The basking or liver shark; -- called also homer. See Liver shark, under Liver.