Tur·pen·tine n. A semifluid or fluid oleoresin, primarily the exudation of the terebinth, or turpentine, tree (Pistacia Terebinthus), a native of the Mediterranean region. It is also obtained from many coniferous trees, especially species of pine, larch, and fir.
Note: ☞ There are many varieties of turpentine. Chian turpentine is produced in small quantities by the turpentine tree (Pistacia Terebinthus). Venice, Swiss, or larch turpentine, is obtained from Larix Europaea. It is a clear, colorless balsam, having a tendency to solidify. Canada turpentine, or Canada balsam, is the purest of all the pine turpentines (see under Balsam). The Carpathian and Hungarian varieties are derived from Pinus Cembra and Pinus Mugho. Carolina turpentine, the most abundant kind, comes from the long-leaved pine (Pinus palustris). Strasburg turpentine is from the silver fir (Abies pectinata).
Oil of turpentine Chem., a colorless oily hydrocarbon, C10H16, of a pleasant aromatic odor, obtained by the distillation of crude turpentine. It is used in making varnishes, in medicine, etc. It is the type of the terpenes and is related to cymene. Called also terebenthene, terpene, etc.
Turpentine moth Zool., any one of several species of small tortricid moths whose larvae eat the tender shoots of pine and fir trees, causing an exudation of pitch or resin.
Turpentine tree Bot., the terebinth tree, the original source of turpentine. See Turpentine, above.
Yel·low a. [Compar. Yellower superl. Yellowest.]
1. Being of a bright saffronlike color; of the color of gold or brass; having the hue of that part of the rainbow, or of the solar spectrum, which is between the orange and the green.
Her yellow hair was browded [braided] in a tress. --Chaucer.
A sweaty reaper from his tillage brought
First fruits, the green ear and the yellow sheaf. --Milton.
The line of yellow light dies fast away. --Keble.
2. Cowardly; hence, dishonorable; mean; contemptible; as, he has a yellow streak. [Slang]
3. Sensational; -- said of some newspapers, their makers, etc.; as, yellow journal, journalism, etc. [Colloq.]
Yellow atrophy Med., a fatal affection of the liver, in which it undergoes fatty degeneration, and becomes rapidly smaller and of a deep yellow tinge. The marked symptoms are black vomit, delirium, convulsions, coma, and jaundice.
Yellow bark, calisaya bark.
Yellow bass Zool., a North American fresh-water bass (Morone interrupta) native of the lower parts of the Mississippi and its tributaries. It is yellow, with several more or less broken black stripes or bars. Called also barfish.
Yellow berry. Bot. Same as Persian berry, under Persian.
Yellow boy, a gold coin, as a guinea. [Slang] --Arbuthnot.
Yellow brier. Bot. See under Brier.
Yellow bugle Bot., a European labiate plant (Ajuga Chamaepitys).
Yellow bunting Zool., the European yellow-hammer.
Yellow cat Zool., a yellow catfish; especially, the bashaw.
Yellow copperas Min., a hydrous sulphate of iron; -- called also copiapite.
Yellow copper ore, a sulphide of copper and iron; copper pyrites. See Chalcopyrite.
Yellow cress Bot., a yellow-flowered, cruciferous plant (Barbarea praecox), sometimes grown as a salad plant.
Yellow dock. Bot. See the Note under Dock.
Yellow earth, a yellowish clay, colored by iron, sometimes used as a yellow pigment.
Yellow fever Med., a malignant, contagious, febrile disease of warm climates, attended with jaundice, producing a yellow color of the skin, and with the black vomit. See Black vomit, in the Vocabulary.
Yellow flag, the quarantine flag. See under Quarantine, and 3d Flag.
Yellow jack. (a) The yellow fever. See under 2d Jack. (b) The quarantine flag. See under Quarantine.
Yellow jacket Zool., any one of several species of American social wasps of the genus Vespa, in which the color of the body is partly bright yellow. These wasps are noted for their irritability, and for their painful stings.
Yellow lead ore Min., wulfenite.
Yellow lemur Zool., the kinkajou.
Yellow macauco Zool., the kinkajou.
Yellow mackerel Zool., the jurel.
Yellow metal. Same as Muntz metal, under Metal.
Yellow ocher Min., an impure, earthy variety of brown iron ore, which is used as a pigment.
Yellow oxeye Bot., a yellow-flowered plant (Chrysanthemum segetum) closely related to the oxeye daisy.
Yellow perch Zool., the common American perch. See Perch.
Yellow pike Zool., the wall-eye.
Yellow pine Bot., any of several kinds of pine; also, their yellowish and generally durable timber. Among the most common are valuable species are Pinus mitis and Pinus palustris of the Eastern and Southern States, and Pinus ponderosa and Pinus Arizonica of the Rocky Mountains and Pacific States.
Yellow plover Zool., the golden plover.
Yellow precipitate Med. Chem., an oxide of mercury which is thrown down as an amorphous yellow powder on adding corrosive sublimate to limewater.
Yellow puccoon. Bot. Same as Orangeroot.
Yellow rail Zool., a small American rail (Porzana Noveboracensis) in which the lower parts are dull yellow, darkest on the breast. The back is streaked with brownish yellow and with black, and spotted with white. Called also yellow crake.
Yellow rattle, Yellow rocket. Bot. See under Rattle, and Rocket.
Yellow Sally Zool., a greenish or yellowish European stone fly of the genus Chloroperla; -- so called by anglers.
Yellow sculpin Zool., the dragonet.
Yellow snake Zool., a West Indian boa (Chilobothrus inornatus) common in Jamaica. It becomes from eight to ten long. The body is yellowish or yellowish green, mixed with black, and anteriorly with black lines.
Yellow spot. (a) Anat. A small yellowish spot with a central pit, the fovea centralis, in the center of the retina where vision is most accurate. See Eye. (b) Zool. A small American butterfly (Polites Peckius) of the Skipper family. Its wings are brownish, with a large, irregular, bright yellow spot on each of the hind wings, most conspicuous beneath. Called also Peck's skipper. See Illust. under Skipper, n., 5.
Yellow tit Zool., any one of several species of crested titmice of the genus Machlolophus, native of India. The predominating colors of the plumage are yellow and green.
Yellow viper Zool., the fer-de-lance.
Yellow warbler Zool., any one of several species of American warblers of the genus Dendroica in which the predominant color is yellow, especially Dendroica aestiva, which is a very abundant and familiar species; -- called also garden warbler, golden warbler, summer yellowbird, summer warbler, and yellow-poll warbler.
Yellow wash Pharm., yellow oxide of mercury suspended in water, -- a mixture prepared by adding corrosive sublimate to limewater.
Yellow wren Zool. (a) The European willow warbler. (b) The European wood warbler.
n : large 3-needled pine of southeastern United States having
very long needles and gnarled twisted limbs; bark is
red-brown deeply ridged; an important timber tree [syn: longleaf
pine, pitch pine, southern yellow pine, Georgia