prin·ci·ple /ˈprɪn(t)s(ə)pəl, səbəl/
prin·ci·ple /ˈprɪn(t)səpəl/ 名詞
1. Beginning; commencement. [Obs.]
Doubting sad end of principle unsound. --Spenser.
2. A source, or origin; that from which anything proceeds; fundamental substance or energy; primordial substance; ultimate element, or cause.
The soul of man is an active principle. --Tillotson.
3. An original faculty or endowment.
Nature in your principles hath set [benignity]. --Chaucer.
Those active principles whose direct and ultimate object is the communication either of enjoyment or suffering. --Stewart.
4. A fundamental truth; a comprehensive law or doctrine, from which others are derived, or on which others are founded; a general truth; an elementary proposition; a maxim; an axiom; a postulate.
Therefore, leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection. --Heb. vi. 1.
A good principle, not rightly understood, may prove as hurtful as a bad. --Milton.
5. A settled rule of action; a governing law of conduct; an opinion or belief which exercises a directing influence on the life and behavior; a rule (usually, a right rule) of conduct consistently directing one's actions; as, a person of no principle.
All kinds of dishonesty destroy our pretenses to an honest principle of mind. --Law.
6. Chem. Any original inherent constituent which characterizes a substance, or gives it its essential properties, and which can usually be separated by analysis; -- applied especially to drugs, plant extracts, etc.
Cathartine is the bitter, purgative principle of senna. --Gregory.
Bitter principle, Principle of contradiction, etc. See under Bitter, Contradiction, etc.
Prin·ci·ple v. t. [imp. & p. p. Principled p. pr. & vb. n. Principling ] To equip with principles; to establish, or fix, in certain principles; to impress with any tenet, or rule of conduct, good or ill.
Governors should be well principled. --L'Estrange.
Let an enthusiast be principled that he or his teacher is inspired. --Locke.
n 1: a basic generalization that is accepted as true and that can
be used as a basis for reasoning or conduct; "their
principles of composition characterized all their works"
2: a rule or standard especially of good behavior; "a man of
principle"; "he will not violate his principles"
3: a basic truth or law or assumption; "the principles of
4: a rule or law concerning a natural phenomenon or the
function of a complex system; "the principle of the
conservation of mass"; "the principle of jet propulsion";
"the right-hand rule for inductive fields" [syn: rule]
5: rule of personal conduct [syn: precept]
6: (law) an explanation of the fundamental reasons (especially
an explanation of the working of some device in terms of
laws of nature); "the rationale for capital punishment";
"the principles of internal-combustion engines" [syn: rationale]