限定; 限制; 減輕
Qual·i·fy v. t. [imp. & p. p. Qualified p. pr. & vb. n. Qualifying ]
1. To make such as is required; to give added or requisite qualities to; to fit, as for a place, office, occupation, or character; to furnish with the knowledge, skill, or other accomplishment necessary for a purpose; to make capable, as of an employment or privilege; to supply with legal power or capacity.
He had qualified himself for municipal office by taking the oaths to the sovereigns in possession. --Macaulay.
2. To give individual quality to; to modulate; to vary; to regulate.
It hath no larynx . . . to qualify the sound. --Sir T. Browne.
3. To reduce from a general, undefined, or comprehensive form, to particular or restricted form; to modify; to limit; to restrict; to restrain; as, to qualify a statement, claim, or proposition.
4. Hence, to soften; to abate; to diminish; to assuage; to reduce the strength of, as liquors.
I do not seek to quench your love's hot fire,
But qualify the fire's extreme rage. --Shak.
5. To soothe; to cure; -- said of persons. [Obs.]
In short space he has them qualified. --Spenser.
Syn: -- To fit; equip; prepare; adapt; capacitate; enable; modify; soften; restrict; restrain; temper.
Qual·i·fy, v. i.
1. To be or become qualified; to be fit, as for an office or employment.
2. To obtain legal power or capacity by taking the oath, or complying with the forms required, on assuming an office.
v 1: prove capable or fit; meet requirements [syn: measure up]
2: pronounce fit or able; "She was qualified to run the
marathon"; "They nurses were qualified to administer the
injections" [ant: disqualify]
3: make more specific; "qualify these remarks" [syn: restrict]
4: make fit or prepared; "Your education qualifies you for this
job" [syn: dispose] [ant: disqualify]
5: specify as a condition or requirement in a contract or
agreement; make an express demand or provision in an
agreement; "The will stipulates that she can live in the
house for the rest of her life"; "The contract stipulates
the dates of the payments" [syn: stipulate, condition,
6: describe or portray the character or the qualities or
peculiarities of; "You can characterize his behavior as
that of an egotist"; "This poem can be characterized as a
lament for a dead lover" [syn: characterize, characterise]
7: add a modifier to a constituent [syn: modify]