- 23.20.240.193

Spi·der web *or* Spi·der's web . Zool. The silken web which is formed by most kinds of spiders, particularly the web spun to entrap their prey; -- also called cobweb. See Geometric spider, Triangle spider, under Geometric, and Triangle.

◄ ►

Gar·den n.

1. A piece of ground appropriated to the cultivation of herbs, fruits, flowers, or vegetables.

2. A rich, well-cultivated spot or tract of country.

I am arrived from fruitful Lombardy,

The pleasant garden of great Italy. --*Shak.*

Note: ☞ __Garden__ is often used adjectively or in self-explaining compounds; as, __garden__ flowers, __garden__ tools, __garden__ walk, __garden__ wall, __garden__ house or __garden__house.

**Garden balsam**, an ornamental plant (Impatiens Balsamina).

**Garden engine**, a wheelbarrow tank and pump for watering gardens.

**Garden glass**. (a) A bell glass for covering plants. (b) A globe of dark-colored glass, mounted on a pedestal, to reflect surrounding objects; -- much used as an ornament in gardens in Germany.

**Garden house** (a) A summer house. --*Beau. & Fl.* (b) A privy. [Southern U.S.]

**Garden husbandry**, the raising on a small scale of seeds, fruits, vegetables, etc., for sale.

**Garden mold** *or* **Garden mould**, rich, mellow earth which is fit for a garden. --*Mortimer.*

**Garden nail**, a cast nail, used for fastening vines to brick walls. --*Knight.*

**Garden net**, a net for covering fruits trees, vines, etc., to protect them from birds.

**Garden party**, a social party held out of doors, within the grounds or garden attached to a private residence.

**Garden plot**, a plot appropriated to a garden. **Garden pot**, a watering pot.

**Garden pump**, a garden engine; a barrow pump.

**Garden shears**, large shears, for clipping trees and hedges, pruning, etc.

**Garden spider**, Zool., the diadem spider (Epeira diadema), common in gardens, both in Europe and America. It spins a geometrical web. See Geometric spider, and Spider web.

**Garden stand**, a stand for flower pots.

**Garden stuff**, vegetables raised in a garden. [Colloq.]

**Garden syringe**, a syringe for watering plants, sprinkling them with solutions for destroying insects, etc.

**Garden truck**, vegetables raised for the market. [Colloq.]

**Garden ware**, garden truck. [Obs.] --*Mortimer.*

**Bear garden**, **Botanic garden**, etc. See under Bear, etc.

**Hanging garden**. See under Hanging.

**Kitchen garden**, a garden where vegetables are cultivated for household use.

**Market garden**, a piece of ground where vegetable are cultivated to be sold in the markets for table use.

Ge·o·met·ric Ge·o·met·ric·al a.

1. Pertaining to, or according to the rules or principles of, geometry; determined by geometry; as, a geometrical solution of a problem.

Note: ☞ __Geometric__ is often used, as opposed to __algebraic__, to include processes or solutions in which the propositions or principles of geometry are made use of rather than those of algebra.

Note: ☞ __Geometrical__ is often used in a limited or strictly technical sense, as opposed to __mechanical__; thus, a construction or solution is __geometrical__ which can be made by ruler and compasses, *i. e.*, by means of right lines and circles. Every construction or solution which requires any other curve, or such motion of a line or circle as would generate any other curve, is not __geometrical__, but __mechanical__. By another distinction, a __geometrical__ solution is one obtained by the rules of geometry, or processes of analysis, and hence is exact; while a __mechanical__ solution is one obtained by trial, by actual measurements, with instruments, etc., and is only approximate and empirical.

**Geometrical curve**. Same as Algebraic curve; -- so called because their different points may be constructed by the operations of elementary geometry.

**Geometric lathe**, an instrument for engraving bank notes, etc., with complicated patterns of interlacing lines; -- called also cycloidal engine.

**Geometrical pace**, a measure of five feet.

**Geometric pen**, an instrument for drawing geometric curves, in which the movements of a pen or pencil attached to a revolving arm of adjustable length may be indefinitely varied by changing the toothed wheels which give motion to the arm.

**Geometrical plane** Persp., the same as Ground plane .

**Geometrical progression**, **proportion**, **ratio**. See under Progression, Proportion and Ratio.

**Geometrical radius**, in gearing, the radius of the pitch circle of a cogwheel. --*Knight.*

**Geometric spider** Zool., one of many species of spiders, which spin a geometrical web. They mostly belong to Epeira and allied genera, as the garden spider. See Garden spider.

**Geometric square**, a portable instrument in the form of a square frame for ascertaining distances and heights by measuring angles.

**Geometrical staircase**, one in which the stairs are supported by the wall at one end only.

**Geometrical tracery**, in architecture and decoration, tracery arranged in geometrical figures.

◄ ►