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Pitch, n.

1. A throw; a toss; a cast, as of something from the hand; as, a good pitch in quoits.

**Pitch and toss**, a game played by tossing up a coin, and calling *“Heads or tails;”* hence: **To play pitch and toss with (anything)**, to be careless or trust to luck about it. *“*__To play pitch and toss with__ the property of the country.” --*G. Eliot.*

**Pitch farthing**. See Chuck farthing, under 5th Chuck.

2. Cricket That point of the ground on which the ball pitches or lights when bowled.

3. A point or peak; the extreme point or degree of elevation or depression; hence, a limit or bound.

Driven headlong from the pitch of heaven, down

Into this deep. --*Milton.*

*Enterprises of great pitch and moment.* --*Shak.*

*To lowest pitch of abject fortune.* --*Milton.*

*He lived when learning was at its highest pitch.* --*Addison.*

*The exact pitch, or limits, where temperance ends.* --*Sharp.*

4. Height; stature. [Obs.]

5. A descent; a fall; a thrusting down.

6. The point where a declivity begins; hence, the declivity itself; a descending slope; the degree or rate of descent or slope; slant; as, a steep pitch in the road; the pitch of a roof.

7. Mus. The relative acuteness or gravity of a tone, determined by the number of vibrations which produce it; the place of any tone upon a scale of high and low.

Note: ☞ Musical tones with reference to __absolute pitch__, are named after the first seven letters of the alphabet; with reference to __relative pitch__, in a series of tones called the __scale__, they are called __one__, __two__, __three__, __four__, __five__, __six__, __seven__, __eight__. __Eight__ is also __one__ of a new scale an octave higher, as __one__ is __eight__ of a scale an octave lower.

8. Mining The limit of ground set to a miner who receives a share of the ore taken out.

9. Mech. (a) The distance from center to center of any two adjacent teeth of gearing, measured on the __pitch line__; -- called also __circular pitch__. (b) The length, measured along the axis, of a complete turn of the thread of a screw, or of the helical lines of the blades of a screw propeller. (c) The distance between the centers of holes, as of rivet holes in boiler plates.

10. Elec. The distance between symmetrically arranged or corresponding parts of an armature, measured along a line, called the __pitch line__, drawn around its length. Sometimes half of this distance is called the pitch.

**Concert pitch** Mus., the standard of pitch used by orchestras, as in concerts, etc.

**Diametral pitch** Gearing, the distance which bears the same relation to the pitch proper, or circular pitch, that the diameter of a circle bears to its circumference; it is sometimes described by the number expressing the quotient obtained by dividing the number of teeth in a wheel by the diameter of its pitch circle in inches; as, 4 pitch, 8 pitch, etc.

**Pitch chain**, a chain, as one made of metallic plates, adapted for working with a sprocket wheel.

**Pitch line**, *or* **Pitch circle** Gearing, an ideal line, in a toothed gear or rack, bearing such a relation to a corresponding line in another gear, with which the former works, that the two lines will have a common velocity as in rolling contact; it usually cuts the teeth at about the middle of their height, and, in a circular gear, is a circle concentric with the axis of the gear; the line, or circle, on which the pitch of teeth is measured.

**Pitch of a roof** Arch., the inclination or slope of the sides expressed by the height in parts of the span; as, one half __pitch__; whole __pitch__; or by the height in parts of the half span, especially among engineers; or by degrees, as a __pitch__ of 30°, of 45°, etc.; or by the __rise__ and __run__, that is, the ratio of the height to the half span; as, a __pitch__ of six rise to ten run. __Equilateral pitch__ is where the two sloping sides with the span form an equilateral triangle.

**Pitch of a plane** Carp., the slant of the cutting iron.

**Pitch of poles** Elec., the distance between a pair of poles of opposite sign.

**Pitch pipe**, a wind instrument used by choristers in regulating the pitch of a tune.

**Pitch point** Gearing, the point of contact of the pitch lines of two gears, or of a rack and pinion, which work together.

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