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2 definitions found

From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 Po·ta·to n.; pl. Potatoes   Bot. (a) A plant (Solanum tuberosum) of the Nightshade family, and its esculent farinaceous tuber, of which there are numerous varieties used for food. It is native of South America, but a form of the species is found native as far north as New Mexico. (b) The sweet potato (see below).
 Potato beetle, Potato bug. Zool. (a) A beetle (Doryphora decemlineata) which feeds, both in the larval and adult stages, upon the leaves of the potato, often doing great damage. Called also Colorado potato beetle, and Doryphora. See Colorado beetle. (b) The Lema trilineata, a smaller and more slender striped beetle which feeds upon the potato plant, bur does less injury than the preceding species.
 Potato fly Zool., any one of several species of blister beetles infesting the potato vine.  The black species (Lytta atrata), the striped (Lytta vittata), and the gray (Lytta  Fabricii syn. Lytta cinerea) are the most common. See Blister beetle, under Blister.
 Potato rot, a disease of the tubers of the potato, supposed to be caused by a kind of mold (Peronospora infestans), which is first seen upon the leaves and stems.
 Potato weevil Zool., an American weevil (Baridius trinotatus) whose larva lives in and kills the stalks of potato vines, often causing serious damage to the crop.
 Potato whisky, a strong, fiery liquor, having a hot, smoky taste, and rich in amyl alcohol (fusel oil); it is made from potatoes or potato starch.
 Potato worm Zool., the large green larva of a sphinx, or hawk moth (Macrosila quinquemaculata); -- called also tomato worm. See Illust. under Tomato.
 Seaside potato Bot., Ipomœa Pes-Capræ, a kind of morning-glory with rounded and emarginate or bilobed leaves. [West Indies]
 Sweet potato Bot., a climbing plant (Ipomœa Balatas) allied to the morning-glory. Its farinaceous tubers have a sweetish taste, and are used, when cooked, for food. It is probably a native of Brazil, but is cultivated extensively in the warmer parts of every continent, and even as far north as New Jersey. The name potato was applied to this plant before it was to the Solanum tuberosum, and this is the “potato” of the Southern United States.
 Wild potato. Bot. (a) A vine (Ipomœa pandurata) having a pale purplish flower and an enormous root. It is common in sandy places in the United States. (b) A similar tropical American plant (Ipomœa fastigiata) which it is thought may have been the original stock of the sweet potato.
 

From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 Rot, n.
 1. Process of rotting; decay; putrefaction.
 2. Bot. A disease or decay in fruits, leaves, or wood, supposed to be caused by minute fungi. See Bitter rot, Black rot, etc., below.
 3.  A fatal distemper which attacks sheep and sometimes other animals. It is due to the presence of a parasitic worm in the liver or gall bladder. See 1st Fluke, 2.
    His cattle must of rot and murrain die.   --Milton.
 Bitter rot Bot., a disease of apples, caused by the fungus Glaeosporium fructigenum. --F. L. Scribner.
 Black rot Bot., a disease of grapevines, attacking the leaves and fruit, caused by the fungus Laestadia Bidwellii. --F. L. Scribner.
 Dry rot Bot. See under Dry.
 Grinder's rot Med. See under Grinder.
 Potato rot. Bot. See under Potato.
 White rot Bot., a disease of grapes, first appearing in whitish pustules on the fruit, caused by the fungus Coniothyrium diplodiella. --F. L. Scribner.