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5 definitions found

From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 Po·ta·to n.; pl. Potatoes   Bot. (a) A plant (Solanum tuberosum) of the Nightshade family, and its esculent farinaceous tuber, of which there are numerous varieties used for food. It is native of South America, but a form of the species is found native as far north as New Mexico. (b) The sweet potato (see below).
 Potato beetle, Potato bug. Zool. (a) A beetle (Doryphora decemlineata) which feeds, both in the larval and adult stages, upon the leaves of the potato, often doing great damage. Called also Colorado potato beetle, and Doryphora. See Colorado beetle. (b) The Lema trilineata, a smaller and more slender striped beetle which feeds upon the potato plant, bur does less injury than the preceding species.
 Potato fly Zool., any one of several species of blister beetles infesting the potato vine.  The black species (Lytta atrata), the striped (Lytta vittata), and the gray (Lytta  Fabricii syn. Lytta cinerea) are the most common. See Blister beetle, under Blister.
 Potato rot, a disease of the tubers of the potato, supposed to be caused by a kind of mold (Peronospora infestans), which is first seen upon the leaves and stems.
 Potato weevil Zool., an American weevil (Baridius trinotatus) whose larva lives in and kills the stalks of potato vines, often causing serious damage to the crop.
 Potato whisky, a strong, fiery liquor, having a hot, smoky taste, and rich in amyl alcohol (fusel oil); it is made from potatoes or potato starch.
 Potato worm Zool., the large green larva of a sphinx, or hawk moth (Macrosila quinquemaculata); -- called also tomato worm. See Illust. under Tomato.
 Seaside potato Bot., Ipomœa Pes-Capræ, a kind of morning-glory with rounded and emarginate or bilobed leaves. [West Indies]
 Sweet potato Bot., a climbing plant (Ipomœa Balatas) allied to the morning-glory. Its farinaceous tubers have a sweetish taste, and are used, when cooked, for food. It is probably a native of Brazil, but is cultivated extensively in the warmer parts of every continent, and even as far north as New Jersey. The name potato was applied to this plant before it was to the Solanum tuberosum, and this is the “potato” of the Southern United States.
 Wild potato. Bot. (a) A vine (Ipomœa pandurata) having a pale purplish flower and an enormous root. It is common in sandy places in the United States. (b) A similar tropical American plant (Ipomœa fastigiata) which it is thought may have been the original stock of the sweet potato.

From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 Sphinx n.
 1. (a) In Egyptian art, an image of granite or porphyry, having a human head, or the head of a ram or of a hawk, upon the wingless body of a lion.
 The awful ruins of the days of old . . .
 Or jasper tomb, or mutilated sphinx.   --Shelley.
 (b) On Greek art and mythology, a she-monster, usually represented as having the winged body of a lion, and the face and breast of a young woman.
 Note: The most famous Grecian sphinx, that of Thebes in Bœotia, is said to have proposed a riddle to the Thebans, and killed those who were unable to guess it. The enigma was solved by Œdipus, whereupon the sphinx slew herself. “Subtle as sphinx.”
 2. Hence: A person of enigmatical character and purposes, especially in politics and diplomacy.
 3. Zool. Any one of numerous species of large moths of the family Sphingidae; -- called also hawk moth.  See also tomato worm.
 Note:The larva is a stout naked caterpillar which, when at rest, often assumes a position suggesting the Egyptian sphinx, whence the name.
 4. Zool. The Guinea, or sphinx, baboon (Cynocephalus sphinx).
 Sphinx baboon Zool., a large West African baboon (Cynocephalus sphinx), often kept in menageries.
 Sphinx moth. Zool. Same as Sphinx, 3.

From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 To·ma·to n.; pl. Tomatoes   Bot. The fruit of a plant of the Nightshade family (Lycopersicum esculentun); also, the plant itself. The fruit, which is called also love apple, is usually of a rounded, flattened form, but often irregular in shape. It is of a bright red or yellow color, and is eaten either cooked or uncooked.
 Tomato gall Zool., a large gall consisting of a mass of irregular swellings on the stems and leaves of grapevines.  They are yellowish green, somewhat tinged with red, and produced by the larva of a small two-winged fly (Lasioptera vitis).
 Tomato sphinx Zool., the adult or imago of the tomato worm.  It closely resembles the tobacco hawk moth.  Called also tomato hawk moth. See Illust. of Hawk moth.
 Tomato worm Zool., the larva of a large hawk moth (Manduca quinquemaculata, Protoparce quinquemaculata, Sphinx quinquemaculata, or Macrosila quinquemaculata) which feeds upon the leaves of the tomato and potato plants, often doing considerable damage.  Called also tomato hornworm and potato worm, and in the Southern U. S. tobacco fly.

From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 Hawk moth Zool. Any moth of the family Sphingidae, of which there are numerous genera and species.  They are large, handsome moths with long narrow forewings capable of powerful flight and hovering over flowers to feed.  They fly mostly at twilight and hover about flowers like a humming bird, sucking the honey by means of a long, slender proboscis.  The larvae are large, hairless caterpillars ornamented with green and other bright colors, and often with a caudal spine. See Sphinx, also Tobacco worm, and Tomato worm.
 Syn: -- hawk moth, sphingid, sphinx moth, hummingbird moth.
 Note:The larvae of several species of hawk moths feed on grapevines.  The elm-tree hawk moth is Ceratomia Amyntor.

From: WordNet (r) 2.0

 tomato worm
      n : large green white-striped hawkmoth larva that feeds on
          tobacco and related plants; similar to tomato hornworm
          [syn: tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta]