choke /ˈʧok/ 動詞
Choke v. t. [imp. & p. p. Choked p. pr. & vb. n. Choking.]
1. To render unable to breathe by filling, pressing upon, or squeezing the windpipe; to stifle; to suffocate; to strangle.
With eager feeding food doth choke the feeder. --Shak.
2. To obstruct by filling up or clogging any passage; to block up.
3. To hinder or check, as growth, expansion, progress, etc.; to stifle.
Oats and darnel choke the rising corn. --Dryden.
4. To affect with a sense of strangulation by passion or strong feeling. “I was choked at this word.”
5. To make a choke, as in a cartridge, or in the bore of the barrel of a shotgun.
To choke off, to stop a person in the execution of a purpose; as, to choke off a speaker by uproar.
Choke, v. i.
1. To have the windpipe stopped; to have a spasm of the throat, caused by stoppage or irritation of the windpipe; to be strangled.
2. To be checked, as if by choking; to stick.
The words choked in his throat. --Sir W. Scott.
1. A stoppage or irritation of the windpipe, producing the feeling of strangulation.
2. Gun. (a) The tied end of a cartridge. (b) A constriction in the bore of a shotgun, case of a rocket, etc.
n 1: a coil of low resistance and high inductance used in
electrical circuits to pass direct current and attenuate
alternating current [syn: choke coil, choking coil]
2: a valve that controls the flow of air into the carburetor of
a gasoline engine
v 1: breathe with great difficulty, as when experiencing a strong
emotion; "She choked with emotion when she spoke about
her deceased husband"
2: be too tight; rub or press; "This neckband is choking the
cat" [syn: gag, fret]
3: wring the neck of; "The man choked his opponent" [syn: scrag]
4: constrict (someone's) throat and keep from breathing [syn: strangle]
5: struggle for breath; have insufficient oxygen intake; "he
swallowed a fishbone and gagged" [syn: gag, strangle,
6: fail to perform adequately due to tension or agitation; "The
team should have won hands down but choked, disappointing
the coach and the audience"
7: check or slow down the action or effect of; "She choked her
8: become or cause to become obstructed; "The leaves clog our
drains in the Fall"; "The water pipe is backed up" [syn: clog,
choke off, clog up, back up, congest, foul]
9: impair the respiration of or obstruct the air passage of;
"The foul air was slowly suffocating the children" [syn: suffocate,
10: become stultified, suppressed, or stifled; "He is
suffocating--living at home with his aged parents in the
small village" [syn: suffocate]
11: suppress the development, creativity, or imagination of;
"His job suffocated him" [syn: suffocate]
12: die; "The old man finally kicked the bucket" [syn: kick the
bucket, cash in one's chips, buy the farm, conk, give-up
the ghost, drop dead, pop off, croak, snuff it]
13: reduce the air supply; "choke a carburetor" [syn: throttle]
14: cause to retch or choke [syn: gag]