ca·pac·i·ty /kəˈpæsəti, ˈpæsti/
ca·pac·i·ty /kəˈpæsətɪ, ˈpæstɪ/ 名詞
容量 能量 能力
Ca·pac·i·ty n.; pl. Capacities
1. The power of receiving or containing; extent of room or space; passive power; -- used in reference to physical things.
Had our great palace the capacity
To camp this host, we all would sup together. --Shak.
The capacity of the exhausted cylinder. --Boyle.
2. The power of receiving and holding ideas, knowledge, etc.; the comprehensiveness of the mind; the receptive faculty; capability of understanding or feeling.
Capacity is now properly limited to these [the mere passive operations of the mind]; its primary signification, which is literally room for, as well as its employment, favors this; although it can not be denied that there are examples of its usage in an active sense. --Sir W. Hamilton.
3. Ability; power pertaining to, or resulting from, the possession of strength, wealth, or talent; possibility of being or of doing.
The capacity of blessing the people. --Alex. Hamilton.
A cause with such capacities endued. --Blackmore.
4. Outward condition or circumstances; occupation; profession; character; position; as, to work in the capacity of a mason or a carpenter.
5. Law Legal or moral qualification, as of age, residence, character, etc., necessary for certain purposes, as for holding office, for marrying, for making contracts, wills, etc.; legal power or right; competency.
Capacity for heat, the power of absorbing heat. Substances differ in the amount of heat requisite to raise them a given number of thermometric degrees, and this difference is the measure of, or depends upon, what is called their capacity for heat. See Specific heat, under Heat.
Syn: -- Ability; faculty; talent; capability; skill; efficiency; cleverness. See Ability.
n 1: ability to perform or produce [ant: incapacity]
2: the susceptibility of something to a particular treatment;
"the capability of a metal to be fused" [syn: capability]
3: the amount that can be contained; "the gas tank has a
capacity of 12 gallons" [syn: content]
4: the maximum production possible; "the plant is working at 80
per cent capacity"
5: a specified function; "he was employed in the capacity of
director"; "he should be retained in his present capacity
at a higher salary"
6: (computer science) the amount of information (in bytes) that
can be stored on a disk drive; "the capacity of a hard
disk drive is usually expressed in megabytes"
7: an electrical phenomenon whereby an electric charge is
stored [syn: capacitance, electrical capacity]
8: the power to learn or retain knowledge; in law, the ability
to understand the facts and significance of your behavior
[syn: mental ability] [ant: incapacity]
9: tolerance for alcohol; "he had drunk beyond his capacity"