gain /ˈgen/ 不及物動詞
Gain n. Arch. A square or beveled notch cut out of a girder, binding joist, or other timber which supports a floor beam, so as to receive the end of the floor beam.
Gain, a. Convenient; suitable; direct; near; handy; dexterous; easy; profitable; cheap; respectable. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]
1. That which is gained, obtained, or acquired, as increase, profit, advantage, or benefit; -- opposed to loss.
But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ. --Phil. iii. 7.
Godliness with contentment is great gain. --1 Tim. vi. 6.
Every one shall share in the gains. --Shak.
2. The obtaining or amassing of profit or valuable possessions; acquisition; accumulation. “The lust of gain.”
Gain, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Gained p. pr. & vb. n. Gaining.]
1. To get, as profit or advantage; to obtain or acquire by effort or labor; as, to gain a good living.
What is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? --Matt. xvi. 26.
To gain dominion, or to keep it gained. --Milton.
For fame with toil we gain, but lose with ease. --Pope.
2. To come off winner or victor in; to be successful in; to obtain by competition; as, to gain a battle; to gain a case at law; to gain a prize.
3. To draw into any interest or party; to win to one's side; to conciliate.
If he shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy brother. --Matt. xviii. 15.
To gratify the queen, and gained the court. --Dryden.
4. To reach; to attain to; to arrive at; as, to gain the top of a mountain; to gain a good harbor.
Forded Usk and gained the wood. --Tennyson.
5. To get, incur, or receive, as loss, harm, or damage. [Obs. or Ironical]
Ye should . . . not have loosed from Crete, and to have gained this harm and loss. --Acts xxvii. 21.
Gained day, the calendar day gained in sailing eastward around the earth.
To gain ground, to make progress; to advance in any undertaking; to prevail; to acquire strength or extent.
To gain over, to draw to one's party or interest; to win over.
To gain the wind Naut., to reach the windward side of another ship.
Syn: -- To obtain; acquire; get; procure; win; earn; attain; achieve.
Usage: See Obtain. -- To Gain, Win. Gain implies only that we get something by exertion; win, that we do it in competition with others. A person gains knowledge, or gains a prize, simply by striving for it; he wins a victory, or wins a prize, by taking it in a struggle with others.
Gain v. i. To have or receive advantage or profit; to acquire gain; to grow rich; to advance in interest, health, or happiness; to make progress; as, the sick man gains daily.
Thou hast greedily gained of thy neighbors by extortion. --Ezek. xxii. 12.
Gaining twist, in rifled firearms, a twist of the grooves, which increases regularly from the breech to the muzzle. To gain on or To gain upon. (a) To encroach on; as, the ocean gains on the land. (b) To obtain influence with. (c) To win ground upon; to move faster than, as in a race or contest. (d) To get the better of; to have the advantage of.
The English have not only gained upon the Venetians in the Levant, but have their cloth in Venice itself. --Addison.
My good behavior had so far gained on the emperor, that I began to conceive hopes of liberty. --Swift.
n 1: a quantity that is added; "there was an addition to property
taxes this year"; "they recorded the cattle's gain in
weight over a period of weeks" [syn: addition, increase]
2: the advantageous quality of being beneficial [syn: profit]
3: the amount of increase in signal power or voltage or current
expressed as the ratio of output to input [syn: amplification]
4: the amount by which the revenue of a business exceeds its
cost of operating [ant: loss]
v 1: obtain; "derive pleasure from one's garden" [syn: derive]
2: win something through one's efforts; "I acquired a passing
knowledge of Chinese"; "Gain an understanding of
international finance" [syn: acquire, win] [ant: lose]
3: derive a benefit from; "She profited from his vast
experience" [syn: profit, benefit]
4: reach a destination, either real or abstract; "We hit
Detroit by noon"; "The water reached the doorstep"; "We
barely made it to the finish line"; "I have to hit the MAC
machine before the weekend starts" [syn: reach, make,
attain, hit, arrive at]
5: obtain advantages, such as points, etc.; "The home team was
gaining ground"; "After defeating the Knicks, the Blazers
pulled ahead of the Lakers in the battle for the
number-one playoff berth in the Western Conference" [syn:
advance, win, pull ahead, make headway, get ahead,
gain ground] [ant: fall back]
6: rise in rate or price; "The stock market gained 24 points
today" [syn: advance]
7: increase in; "gain momentum"; "gain nerve"
8: earn on some commercial or business transaction; earn as
salary or wages; "How much do you make a month in your new
job?"; "She earns a lot in her new job"; "this merger
brought in lots of money"; "He clears $5,000 each month"
[syn: take in, clear, make, earn, realize, realise,
pull in, bring in]
9: increase (one's body weight); "She gained 20 pounds when she
stopped exercising" [syn: put on] [ant: reduce]