Mar·tin, n. Zool. One of several species of swallows, usually having the tail less deeply forked than the tail of the common swallows. [Written also marten.]
Note: ☞ The American purple martin, or bee martin (Progne subis or Progne purpurea), and the European house martin, or window martin (Hirundo urbica or Chelidon urbica), are the best known species.
Bank martin. (a) The bank swallow. See under Bank. (b) The fairy martin. See under Fairy.
Bee martin. (a) The purple martin. (b) The kingbird.
Sand martin, the bank swallow.
1. Fine particles of stone, esp. of siliceous stone, but not reduced to dust; comminuted stone in the form of loose grains, which are not coherent when wet.
That finer matter, called sand, is no other than very small pebbles. --Woodward.
2. A single particle of such stone. [R.]
3. The sand in the hourglass; hence, a moment or interval of time; the term or extent of one's life.
The sands are numbered that make up my life. --Shak.
4. pl. Tracts of land consisting of sand, like the deserts of Arabia and Africa; also, extensive tracts of sand exposed by the ebb of the tide. “The Libyan sands.” --Milton. “The sands o' Dee.” --C. Kingsley.
5. Courage; pluck; grit. [Slang]
Sand badger Zool., the Japanese badger (Meles ankuma).
Sand bag. (a) A bag filled with sand or earth, used for various purposes, as in fortification, for ballast, etc. (b) A long bag filled with sand, used as a club by assassins.
Sand ball, soap mixed with sand, made into a ball for use at the toilet.
Sand bath. (a) Chem. A vessel of hot sand in a laboratory, in which vessels that are to be heated are partially immersed. (b) A bath in which the body is immersed in hot sand.
Sand bed, a thick layer of sand, whether deposited naturally or artificially; specifically, a thick layer of sand into which molten metal is run in casting, or from a reducing furnace.
Sand birds Zool., a collective name for numerous species of limicoline birds, such as the sandpipers, plovers, tattlers, and many others; -- called also shore birds.
Sand blast, a process of engraving and cutting glass and other hard substances by driving sand against them by a steam jet or otherwise; also, the apparatus used in the process.
Sand box. (a) A box with a perforated top or cover, for sprinkling paper with sand. (b) A box carried on locomotives, from which sand runs on the rails in front of the driving wheel, to prevent slipping.
Sand-box tree Bot., a tropical American tree (Hura crepitans). Its fruit is a depressed many-celled woody capsule which, when completely dry, bursts with a loud report and scatters the seeds. See Illust. of Regma.
Sand bug Zool., an American anomuran crustacean (Hippa talpoidea) which burrows in sandy seabeaches. It is often used as bait by fishermen. See Illust. under Anomura.
Sand canal Zool., a tubular vessel having a calcareous coating, and connecting the oral ambulacral ring with the madreporic tubercle. It appears to be excretory in function.
Sand cock Zool., the redshank. [Prov. Eng.]
Sand collar. Zool. Same as Sand saucer, below.
Sand crab. Zool. (a) The lady crab. (b) A land crab, or ocypodian.
Sand crack Far., a crack extending downward from the coronet, in the wall of a horse's hoof, which often causes lameness.
Sand cricket Zool., any one of several species of large terrestrial crickets of the genus Stenophelmatus and allied genera, native of the sandy plains of the Western United States.
Sand cusk Zool., any ophidioid fish. See Illust. under Ophidioid.
Sand dab Zool., a small American flounder (Limanda ferruginea); -- called also rusty dab. The name is also applied locally to other allied species.
Sand darter Zool., a small etheostomoid fish of the Ohio valley (Ammocrypta pellucida).
Sand dollar Zool., any one of several species of small flat circular sea urchins, which live on sandy bottoms, especially Echinarachnius parma of the American coast.
Sand drift, drifting sand; also, a mound or bank of drifted sand.
Sand eel. Zool. (a) A lant, or launce. (b) A slender Pacific Ocean fish of the genus Gonorhynchus, having barbels about the mouth.
Sand flag, sandstone which splits up into flagstones.
Sand flea. Zool. (a) Any species of flea which inhabits, or breeds in, sandy places, especially the common dog flea. (b) The chigoe. (c) Any leaping amphipod crustacean; a beach flea, or orchestian. See Beach flea, under Beach.
Sand flood, a vast body of sand borne along by the wind. --James Bruce.
Sand fluke. Zool. (a) The sandnecker. (b) The European smooth dab (Pleuronectes microcephalus); -- called also kitt, marysole, smear dab, town dab.
Sand fly Zool., any one of several species of small dipterous flies of the genus Simulium, abounding on sandy shores, especially Simulium nocivum of the United States. They are very troublesome on account of their biting habits. Called also no-see-um, punky, and midge.
Sand gall. Geol. See Sand pipe, below.
Sand grass Bot., any species of grass which grows in sand; especially, a tufted grass (Triplasis purpurea) with numerous bearded joints, and acid awl-shaped leaves, growing on the Atlantic coast.
Sand grouse Zool., any one of many species of Old World birds belonging to the suborder Pterocletes, and resembling both grouse and pigeons. Called also rock grouse, rock pigeon, and ganga. They mostly belong to the genus Pterocles, as the common Indian species (Pterocles exustus). The large sand grouse (Pterocles arenarius), the painted sand grouse (Pterocles fasciatus), and the pintail sand grouse (Pterocles alchata) are also found in India. See Illust. under Pterocletes.
Sand hill, a hill of sand; a dune.
Sand-hill crane Zool., the American brown crane (Grus Mexicana).
Sand hopper Zool., a beach flea; an orchestian.
Sand hornet Zool., a sand wasp.
Sand lark. Zool. (a) A small lark (Alaudala raytal), native of India. (b) A small sandpiper, or plover, as the ringneck, the sanderling, and the common European sandpiper. (c) The Australian red-capped dotterel (Aegialophilus ruficapillus); -- called also red-necked plover.
Sand launce Zool., a lant, or launce.
Sand lizard Zool., a common European lizard (Lacerta agilis).
Sand martin Zool., the bank swallow.
Sand mole Zool., the coast rat.
Sand monitor Zool., a large Egyptian lizard (Monitor arenarius) which inhabits dry localities.
Sand mouse Zool., the dunlin. [Prov. Eng.]
Sand myrtle. Bot. See under Myrtle.
Sand partridge Zool., either of two small Asiatic partridges of the genus Ammoperdix. The wings are long and the tarsus is spurless. One species (Ammoperdix Heeji) inhabits Palestine and Arabia. The other species (Ammoperdix Bonhami), inhabiting Central Asia, is called also seesee partridge, and teehoo.
Sand picture, a picture made by putting sand of different colors on an adhesive surface.
Sand pike. Zool. (a) The sauger. (b) The lizard fish.
Sand pillar, a sand storm which takes the form of a whirling pillar in its progress in desert tracts like those of the Sahara and Mongolia.
Sand pipe Geol., a tubular cavity, from a few inches to several feet in depth, occurring especially in calcareous rocks, and often filled with gravel, sand, etc.; -- called also sand gall.
Sand pride Zool., a small British lamprey now considered to be the young of larger species; -- called also sand prey.
Sand pump, in artesian well boring, a long, slender bucket with a valve at the bottom for raising sand from the well.
Sand rat Zool., the pocket gopher.
Sand rock, a rock made of cemented sand.
Sand runner Zool., the turnstone.
Sand saucer Zool., the mass of egg capsules, or oothecae, of any mollusk of the genus Natica and allied genera. It has the shape of a bottomless saucer, and is coated with fine sand; -- called also sand collar.
Sand screw Zool., an amphipod crustacean (Lepidactylis arenarius), which burrows in the sandy seabeaches of Europe and America.
Sand shark Zool., an American shark (Odontaspis littoralis) found on the sandy coasts of the Eastern United States; -- called also gray shark, and dogfish shark. See Illust. under Remora.
Sand skink Zool., any one of several species of Old World lizards belonging to the genus Seps; as, the ocellated sand skink (Seps ocellatus) of Southern Europe.
Sand skipper Zool., a beach flea, or orchestian.
Sand smelt Zool., a silverside.
Sand snake. Zool. (a) Any one of several species of harmless burrowing snakes of the genus Eryx, native of Southern Europe, Africa, and Asia, especially Eryx jaculus of India and Eryx Johnii, used by snake charmers. (b) Any innocuous South African snake of the genus Psammophis, especially Psammophis sibilans.
Sand snipe Zool., the sandpiper.
Sand star Zool., an ophiurioid starfish living on sandy sea bottoms; a brittle star.
Sand storm, a cloud of sand driven violently by the wind.
Sand sucker, the sandnecker.
Sand swallow Zool., the bank swallow. See under Bank.
Sand trap, Golf a shallow pit on a golf course having a layer of sand in it, usually located near a green, and designed to function as a hazard, due to the difficulty of hitting balls effectively from such a position.
Sand tube, a tube made of sand. Especially: (a) A tube of vitrified sand, produced by a stroke of lightning; a fulgurite. (b) Zool. Any tube made of cemented sand. (c) Zool. In starfishes, a tube having calcareous particles in its wall, which connects the oral water tube with the madreporic plate.
Sand viper. Zool. See Hognose snake.
Sand wasp Zool., any one of numerous species of hymenopterous insects belonging to the families Pompilidae and Spheridae, which dig burrows in sand. The female provisions the nest with insects or spiders which she paralyzes by stinging, and which serve as food for her young.
n : swallow of the northern hemisphere that nests in tunnels dug
in clay or sand banks [syn: bank martin, bank swallow,