Mar·tin, n. Zool. One of several species of swallows, usually having the tail less deeply forked than the tail of the common swallows. [Written also marten.]
Note: ☞ The American purple martin, or bee martin (Progne subis or Progne purpurea), and the European house martin, or window martin (Hirundo urbica or Chelidon urbica), are the best known species.
Bank martin. (a) The bank swallow. See under Bank. (b) The fairy martin. See under Fairy.
Bee martin. (a) The purple martin. (b) The kingbird.
Sand martin, the bank swallow.
1. An opening in the wall of a building for the admission of light and air, usually closed by casements or sashes containing some transparent material, as glass, and capable of being opened and shut at pleasure.
I leaped from the window of the citadel. --Shak.
Then to come, in spite of sorrow,
And at my window bid good morrow. --Milton.
2. Arch. The shutter, casement, sash with its fittings, or other framework, which closes a window opening.
3. A figure formed of lines crossing each other. [R.]
Till he has windows on his bread and butter. --King.
French window Arch., a casement window in two folds, usually reaching to the floor; -- called also French casement.
Window back Arch., the inside face of the low, and usually thin, piece of wall between the window sill and the floor below.
Window blind, a blind or shade for a window.
Window bole, part of a window closed by a shutter which can be opened at will. [Scot.]
Window box, one of the hollows in the sides of a window frame for the weights which counterbalance a lifting sash.
Window frame, the frame of a window which receives and holds the sashes or casement.
Window glass, panes of glass for windows; the kind of glass used in windows.
Window martin Zool., the common European martin. [Prov. Eng.]
Window oyster Zool., a marine bivalve shell (Placuna placenta) native of the East Indies and China. Its valves are very broad, thin, and translucent, and are said to have been used formerly in place of glass.
Window pane. (a) Arch. See Pane, n., 3 (b). (b) Zool. See Windowpane, in the Vocabulary.
Window sash, the sash, or light frame, in which panes of glass are set for windows.
Window seat, a seat arranged in the recess of a window. See Window stool, under Stool.
Window shade, a shade or blind for a window; usually, one that is hung on a roller.
Window shell Zool., the window oyster.
Window shutter, a shutter or blind used to close or darken windows.
Window sill Arch., the flat piece of wood, stone, or the like, at the bottom of a window frame.
Window swallow Zool., the common European martin. [Prov. Eng.]
Window tax, a tax or duty formerly levied on all windows, or openings for light, above the number of eight in houses standing in cities or towns. [Eng.]
House n.; pl. Houses
1. A structure intended or used as a habitation or shelter for animals of any kind; but especially, a building or edifice for the habitation of man; a dwelling place, a mansion.
Houses are built to live in; not to look on. --Bacon.
Bees with smoke and doves with noisome stench
Are from their hives and houses driven away. --Shak.
2. Household affairs; domestic concerns; particularly in the phrase to keep house. See below.
3. Those who dwell in the same house; a household.
One that feared God with all his house. --Acts x. 2.
4. A family of ancestors, descendants, and kindred; a race of persons from the same stock; a tribe; especially, a noble family or an illustrious race; as, the house of Austria; the house of Hanover; the house of Israel.
The last remaining pillar of their house,
The one transmitter of their ancient name. --Tennyson.
5. One of the estates of a kingdom or other government assembled in parliament or legislature; a body of men united in a legislative capacity; as, the House of Lords; the House of Commons; the House of Representatives; also, a quorum of such a body. See Congress, and Parliament.
6. Com. A firm, or commercial establishment.
7. A public house; an inn; a hotel.
8. Astrol. A twelfth part of the heavens, as divided by six circles intersecting at the north and south points of the horizon, used by astrologers in noting the positions of the heavenly bodies, and casting horoscopes or nativities. The houses were regarded as fixed in respect to the horizon, and numbered from the one at the eastern horizon, called the ascendant, first house, or house of life, downward, or in the direction of the earth's revolution, the stars and planets passing through them in the reverse order every twenty-four hours.
9. A square on a chessboard, regarded as the proper place of a piece.
10. An audience; an assembly of hearers, as at a lecture, a theater, etc.; as, a thin or a full house.
11. The body, as the habitation of the soul.
This mortal house I'll ruin,
Do Cæsar what he can. --Shak.
12. Usage: [With an adj., as narrow, dark, etc.] The grave. “The narrow house.”
Note: ☞ House is much used adjectively and as the first element of compounds. The sense is usually obvious; as, house cricket, housemaid, house painter, housework.
House ant Zool., a very small, yellowish brown ant (Myrmica molesta), which often infests houses, and sometimes becomes a great pest.
House of bishops Prot. Epis. Ch., one of the two bodies composing a general convertion, the other being House of Clerical and Lay Deputies.
House boat, a covered boat used as a dwelling.
House of call, a place, usually a public house, where journeymen connected with a particular trade assemble when out of work, ready for the call of employers. [Eng.] --Simonds.
House car Railroad, a freight car with inclosing sides and a roof; a box car.
House of correction. See Correction.
House cricket Zool., a European cricket (Gryllus domesticus), which frequently lives in houses, between the bricks of chimneys and fireplaces. It is noted for the loud chirping or stridulation of the males.
House dog, a dog kept in or about a dwelling house.
House finch Zool., the burion.
House flag, a flag denoting the commercial house to which a merchant vessel belongs.
House fly Zool., a common fly (esp. Musca domestica), which infests houses both in Europe and America. Its larva is a maggot which lives in decaying substances or excrement, about sink drains, etc.
House of God, a temple or church.
House of ill fame. See Ill fame under Ill, a.
House martin Zool., a common European swallow (Hirundo urbica). It has feathered feet, and builds its nests of mud against the walls of buildings. Called also house swallow, and window martin.
House mouse Zool., the common mouse (Mus musculus).
House physician, the resident medical adviser of a hospital or other public institution.
House snake Zool., the milk snake.
House sparrow Zool., the common European sparrow (Passer domesticus). It has recently been introduced into America, where it has become very abundant, esp. in cities. Called also thatch sparrow.
House spider Zool., any spider which habitually lives in houses. Among the most common species are Theridium tepidariorum and Tegenaria domestica.
House surgeon, the resident surgeon of a hospital.
House wren Zool., the common wren of the Eastern United States (Troglodytes aëdon). It is common about houses and in gardens, and is noted for its vivacity, and loud musical notes. See Wren.
Religious house, a monastery or convent.
The White House, the official residence of the President of the United States; -- hence, colloquially, the office of President.
To bring down the house. See under Bring.
To keep house, to maintain an independent domestic establishment.
To keep open house, to entertain friends at all times.
Syn: -- Dwelling; residence; abode. See Tenement.