neu·tral /ˈnutrəl, ˈnju-/
neu·tral /ˈn(j)utrəl/ 名詞
1. Not engaged on either side; not taking part with or assisting either of two or more contending parties; neuter; indifferent.
The heart can not possibly remain neutral, but constantly takes part one way or the other. --Shaftesbury.
2. Neither good nor bad; of medium quality; middling; not decided or pronounced.
Some things good, and some things ill, do seem,
And neutral some, in her fantastic eye. --Sir J. Davies.
3. Biol. Neuter. See Neuter, a., 3.
4. Chem. Having neither acid nor basic properties; unable to turn red litmus blue or blue litmus red; -- said of certain salts or other compounds. Contrasted with acid, and alkaline.
Neutral axis, Neutral surface Mech., that line or plane, in a beam under transverse pressure, at which the fibers are neither stretched nor compressed, or where the longitudinal stress is zero. See Axis.
Neutral equilibrium Mech., the kind of equilibrium of a body so placed that when moved slighty it neither tends to return to its former position not depart more widely from it, as a perfect sphere or cylinder on a horizontal plane.
Neutral salt Chem., a salt formed by the complete replacement of the hydrogen in an acid or base; in the former case by a positive or basic, in the latter by a negative or acid, element or radical.
Neutral tint, a bluish gray pigment, used in water colors, made by mixing indigo or other blue some warm color. the shades vary greatly.
Neutral vowel, the vowel element having an obscure and indefinite quality, such as is commonly taken by the vowel in many unaccented syllables. It is regarded by some as identical with the ŭ in up, and is called also the natural vowel, as unformed by art and effort; it is also called the indefinite vowel. It is symbolized in some phonetic alphabets by the schwa (
Neu·tral n. A person or a nation that takes no part in a contest between others; one who is neutral.
The neutral, as far as commerce extends, becomes a party in the war. --R. G. Harper.
adj 1: neither moral nor immoral; neither good nor evil, right nor
2: having no personal preference; "impersonal criticism"; "a
neutral observer" [syn: impersonal]
3: having only a limited ability to react chemically; not
active; "inert matter"; "an indifferent chemical in a
reaction" [syn: inert, indifferent]
4: not supporting or favoring either side in a war, dispute, or
5: having no net electric charge; not electrified [syn: electroneutral]
[ant: positive, negative]
6: lacking hue; "neutral colors like back or white"
7: of no distinctive quality or characteristics or type [ant: positive,
8: lacking distinguishing quality or characteristics; "a
neutral personality that made no impression whatever"
n : one who does not side with any party in a war or dispute