before the wind
1. Air naturally in motion with any degree of velocity; a current of air.
Except wind stands as never it stood,
It is an ill wind that turns none to good. --Tusser.
Winds were soft, and woods were green. --Longfellow.
2. Air artificially put in motion by any force or action; as, the wind of a cannon ball; the wind of a bellows.
3. Breath modulated by the respiratory and vocal organs, or by an instrument.
Their instruments were various in their kind,
Some for the bow, and some for breathing wind. --Dryden.
4. Power of respiration; breath.
If my wind were but long enough to say my prayers, I would repent. --Shak.
5. Air or gas generated in the stomach or bowels; flatulence; as, to be troubled with wind.
6. Air impregnated with an odor or scent.
A pack of dogfish had him in the wind. --Swift.
7. A direction from which the wind may blow; a point of the compass; especially, one of the cardinal points, which are often called the four winds.
Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain. --Ezek. xxxvii. 9.
Note: ☞ This sense seems to have had its origin in the East. The Hebrews gave to each of the four cardinal points the name of wind.
8. Far. A disease of sheep, in which the intestines are distended with air, or rather affected with a violent inflammation. It occurs immediately after shearing.
9. Mere breath or talk; empty effort; idle words.
Nor think thou with wind
Of airy threats to awe. --Milton.
10. Zool. The dotterel. [Prov. Eng.]
11. Boxing The region of the pit of the stomach, where a blow may paralyze the diaphragm and cause temporary loss of breath or other injury; the mark. [Slang or Cant]
Note: ☞ Wind is often used adjectively, or as the first part of compound words.
All in the wind. Naut. See under All, n.
Before the wind. Naut. See under Before.
Between wind and water Naut., in that part of a ship's side or bottom which is frequently brought above water by the rolling of the ship, or fluctuation of the water's surface. Hence, colloquially, (as an injury to that part of a vessel, in an engagement, is particularly dangerous) the vulnerable part or point of anything.
Cardinal winds. See under Cardinal, a.
Down the wind. (a) In the direction of, and moving with, the wind; as, birds fly swiftly down the wind. (b) Decaying; declining; in a state of decay. [Obs.] “He went down the wind still.” --L'Estrange.
In the wind's eye Naut., directly toward the point from which the wind blows.
Three sheets in the wind, unsteady from drink. [Sailors' Slang]
To be in the wind, to be suggested or expected; to be a matter of suspicion or surmise. [Colloq.]
To carry the wind Man., to toss the nose as high as the ears, as a horse.
To raise the wind, to procure money. [Colloq.]
To take the wind or To have the wind, to gain or have the advantage. --Bacon.
To take the wind out of one's sails, to cause one to stop, or lose way, as when a vessel intercepts the wind of another; to cause one to lose enthusiasm, or momentum in an activity. [Colloq.]
To take wind, or To get wind, to be divulged; to become public; as, the story got wind, or took wind.
Wind band Mus., a band of wind instruments; a military band; the wind instruments of an orchestra.
Wind chest Mus., a chest or reservoir of wind in an organ.
Wind dropsy. Med. (a) Tympanites. (b) Emphysema of the subcutaneous areolar tissue.
Wind egg, an imperfect, unimpregnated, or addled egg.
Wind furnace. See the Note under Furnace.
Wind gauge. See under Gauge.
Wind gun. Same as Air gun.
Wind hatch Mining, the opening or place where the ore is taken out of the earth.
Wind instrument Mus., an instrument of music sounded by means of wind, especially by means of the breath, as a flute, a clarinet, etc.
Wind pump, a pump moved by a windmill.
Wind rose, a table of the points of the compass, giving the states of the barometer, etc., connected with winds from the different directions.
Wind sail. (a) Naut. A wide tube or funnel of canvas, used to convey a stream of air for ventilation into the lower compartments of a vessel. (b) The sail or vane of a windmill.
Wind shake, a crack or incoherence in timber produced by violent winds while the timber was growing.
Wind shock, a wind shake.
Wind side, the side next the wind; the windward side. [R.] --Mrs. Browning.
Wind rush Zool., the redwing. [Prov. Eng.]
Wind wheel, a motor consisting of a wheel moved by wind.
Wood wind Mus., the flutes and reed instruments of an orchestra, collectively.
1. In front of; preceding in space; ahead of; as, to stand before the fire; before the house.
His angel, who shall go
Before them in a cloud and pillar of fire. --Milton.
2. Preceding in time; earlier than; previously to; anterior to the time when; -- sometimes with the additional idea of purpose; in order that.
Before Abraham was, I am. --John viii. 58.
Before this treatise can become of use, two points are necessary. --Swift.
Note: ☞ Formerly before, in this sense, was followed by that. “Before that Philip called thee . . . I saw thee.”
3. An advance of; farther onward, in place or time.
The golden age . . . is before us. --Carlyle.
4. Prior or preceding in dignity, order, rank, right, or worth; rather than.
He that cometh after me is preferred before me. --John i. 15.
The eldest son is before the younger in succession. --Johnson.
5. In presence or sight of; face to face with; facing.
Abraham bowed down himself before the people. --Gen. xxiii. 12.
Wherewith shall I come before the Lord? --Micah vi. 6.
6. Under the cognizance or jurisdiction of.
If a suit be begun before an archdeacon. --Ayliffe.
7. Open for; free of access to; in the power of.
The world was all before them where to choose. --Milton.
Before the mast Naut., as a common sailor, -- because the sailors live in the forecastle, forward of the foremast.
Before the wind Naut., in the direction of the wind and by its impulse; having the wind aft.