bow /ˈbo/ 名詞
Bow v. t. [imp. & p. p. Bowed p. pr. & vb. n. Bowing.]
1. To cause to deviate from straightness; to bend; to inflect; to make crooked or curved.
We bow things the contrary way, to make them come to their natural straightness. --Milton.
The whole nation bowed their necks to the worst kind of tyranny. --Prescott.
2. To exercise powerful or controlling influence over; to bend, figuratively; to turn; to incline.
Adversities do more bow men's minds to religion. --Bacon.
Not to bow and bias their opinions. --Fuller.
3. To bend or incline, as the head or body, in token of respect, gratitude, assent, homage, or condescension.
They came to meet him, and bowed themselves to the ground before him. --2 Kings ii. 15.
4. To cause to bend down; to prostrate; to depress,;░ to crush; to subdue.
Whose heavy hand hath bowed you to the grave. --Shak.
5. To express by bowing; as, to bow one's thanks.
Bow v. i.
1. To bend; to curve. [Obs.]
2. To stop. [Archaic]
They stoop, they bow down together. --Is. xlvi. 2░
3. To bend the head, knee, or body, in token of reverence or submission; -- often with down.
O come, let us worship and bow down: let us kneel before the Lord our maker. --Ps. xcv. 6.
4. To incline the head in token of salutation, civility, or assent; to make bow.
Admired, adored by all circling crowd,
For wheresoe'er she turned her face, they bowed. --Dryden.
Bow n. An inclination of the head, or a bending of the body, in token of reverence, respect, civility, or submission; an obeisance; as, a bow of deep humility.
1. Anything bent, or in the form of a curve, as the rainbow.
I do set my bow in the cloud. --Gen. ix. 13.
2. A weapon made of a strip of wood, or other elastic material, with a cord connecting the two ends, by means of which an arrow is propelled.
3. An ornamental knot, with projecting loops, formed by doubling a ribbon or string.
4. The U-shaped piece which embraces the neck of an ox and fastens it to the yoke.
5. Mus. An appliance consisting of an elastic rod, with a number of horse hairs stretched from end to end of it, used in playing on a stringed instrument.
6. An arcograph.
7. Mech. & Manuf. Any instrument consisting of an elastic rod, with ends connected by a string, employed for giving reciprocating motion to a drill, or for preparing and arranging the hair, fur, etc., used by hatters.
8. Naut. A rude sort of quadrant formerly used for taking the sun's altitude at sea.
9. Saddlery sing. or pl. Two pieces of wood which form the arched forward part of a saddletree.
Bow bearer O. Eng. Law, an under officer of the forest who looked after trespassers.
Bow drill, a drill worked by a bow and string.
Bow instrument Mus., any stringed instrument from which the tones are produced by the bow.
Bow window Arch. See Bay window.
To draw a long bow, to lie; to exaggerate. [Colloq.]
Bow v. i. [imp. & p. p. Bowed p. pr. & vb. n. Bowing.] To play (music) with a bow. -- v. i. To manage the bow.
1. Naut. The bending or rounded part of a ship forward; the stream or prow.
2. Naut. One who rows in the forward part of a boat; the bow oar.
Bow chaser Naut., a gun in the bow for firing while chasing another vessel.
-- Bow piece, a piece of ordnance carried at the bow of a ship.
On the bow Naut., on that part of the horizon within 45° on either side of the line ahead.
n 1: a knot with two loops and loose ends; used to tie shoelaces
2: a slightly curved piece of resilient wood with taut
horsehair strands, used in playing certain stringed
3: front part of a vessel or aircraft; "he pointed the bow of
the boat toward the finish line" [syn: fore, prow, stem]
4: curved piece of resilient wood with taut cord to propel
5: something curved in shape [syn: arc]
6: bending the head or body or knee as a sign of reverence or
submission or shame [syn: bowing, obeisance]
7: an appearance by actors or performers at the end of the
concert or play in order to acknowledge the applause of
the audience [syn: curtain call]
8: a decorative interlacing of ribbons
9: a stroke with a curved piece of wood with taut horsehair
strands that is used in playing stringed instruments
v 1: bend one's knee or body, or lower one's head; "He bowed
before the King"; "She bowed her head in shame" [syn: bow
2: submit or yield to another's wish or opinion; "The
government bowed to the military pressure" [syn: submit,
defer, accede, give in]
3: bend the head or the upper part of the body in a gesture of
respect or greeting; "He bowed before the King"
4: bend one's back forward from the waist on down; "he crouched
down"; "She bowed before the Queen"; "The young man
stooped to pick up the girl's purse" [syn: crouch, stoop,
5: play on a string instrument
The bow was in use in early times both in war and in the chase
(Gen. 21:20; 27:3; 48:22). The tribe of Benjamin were famous for
the use of the bow (1 Chr. 8:40; 12:2; 2 Chr. 14:8; 17:17); so
also were the Elamites (Isa. 22:6) and the Lydians (Jer. 46:9).
The Hebrew word commonly used for bow means properly to tread (1
Chr. 5:18; 8:40), and hence it is concluded that the foot was
employed in bending the bow. Bows of steel (correctly "copper")
are mentioned (2 Sam. 22:35; Ps. 18:34).
The arrows were carried in a quiver (Gen. 27:3; Isa. 22:6;
49:2; Ps. 127:5). They were apparently sometimes shot with some
burning material attached to them (Ps. 120:4).
The bow is a symbol of victory (Ps. 7:12). It denotes also
falsehood, deceit (Ps. 64:3, 4; Hos. 7:16; Jer. 9:3).
"The use of the bow" in 2 Sam. 1:18 (A.V.) ought to be "the
song of the bow," as in the Revised Version.