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2 definitions found

From: Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary

    (1.) The name of Esau (q.v.), Gen. 25:30, "Feed me, I pray thee,
    with that same red pottage [Heb. haadom, haadom, i.e., 'the red
    pottage, the red pottage'] ...Therefore was his name called
    Edom", i.e., Red.
      (2.) Idumea (Isa. 34:5, 6; Ezek. 35:15). "The field of Edom"
    (Gen. 32:3), "the land of Edom" (Gen. 36:16), was mountainous
    (Obad. 1:8, 9, 19, 21). It was called the land, or "the mountain
    of Seir," the rough hills on the east side of the Arabah. It
    extended from the head of the Gulf of Akabah, the Elanitic gulf,
    to the foot of the Dead Sea (1 Kings 9:26), and contained, among
    other cities, the rock-hewn Sela (q.v.), generally known by the
    Greek name Petra (2 Kings 14:7). It is a wild and rugged region,
    traversed by fruitful valleys. Its old capital was Bozrah (Isa.
    63:1). The early inhabitants of the land were Horites. They were
    destroyed by the Edomites (Deut. 2:12), between whom and the
    kings of Israel and Judah there was frequent war (2 Kings 8:20;
    2 Chr. 28:17).
      At the time of the Exodus they churlishly refused permission
    to the Israelites to pass through their land (Num. 20:14-21),
    and ever afterwards maintained an attitude of hostility toward
    them. They were conquered by David (2 Sam. 8:14; comp. 1 Kings
    9:26), and afterwards by Amaziah (2 Chr. 25:11, 12). But they
    regained again their independence, and in later years, during
    the decline of the Jewish kingdom (2 Kings 16:6; R.V. marg.,
    "Edomites"), made war against Israel. They took part with the
    Chaldeans when Nebuchadnezzar captured Jerusalem, and afterwards
    they invaded and held possession of the south of Palestine as
    far as Hebron. At length, however, Edom fell under the growing
    Chaldean power (Jer. 27:3, 6).
      There are many prophecies concerning Edom (Isa. 34:5, 6; Jer.
    49:7-18; Ezek. 25:13; 35:1-15; Joel 3:19; Amos 1:11; Obad.; Mal.
    1:3, 4) which have been remarkably fulfilled. The present
    desolate condition of that land is a standing testimony to the
    inspiration of these prophecies. After an existence as a people
    for above seventeen hundred years, they have utterly
    disappeared, and their language even is forgotten for ever. In
    Petra, "where kings kept their court, and where nobles
    assembled, there no man dwells; it is given by lot to birds, and
    beasts, and reptiles."
      The Edomites were Semites, closely related in blood and in
    language to the Israelites. They dispossessed the Horites of
    Mount Seir; though it is clear, from Gen. 36, that they
    afterwards intermarried with the conquered population. Edomite
    tribes settled also in the south of Judah, like the Kenizzites
    (Gen. 36:11), to whom Caleb and Othniel belonged (Josh. 15:17).
    The southern part of Edom was known as Teman.

From: Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary (late 1800's)

 Edom, red, earthy; of blood