as·say /ˈæˌse, æˈse/
as·say /ˈæsˌe, æˈse/ 名詞
As·say, v. i. To attempt, try, or endeavor. [Archaic. In this sense essay is now commonly used.]
She thrice assayed to speak. --Dryden.
As·say, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Assayed p. pr. & vb. n. Assaying.]
1. To try; to attempt; to apply. [Obs. or Archaic]
To-night let us assay our plot. --Shak.
Soft words to his fierce passion she assayed. --Milton.
2. To affect. [Obs.]
When the heart is ill assayed. --Spenser.
3. To try tasting, as food or drink. [Obs.]
4. To subject, as an ore, alloy, or other metallic compound, to chemical or metallurgical examination, in order to determine the amount of a particular metal contained in it, or to ascertain its composition.
1. Trial; attempt; essay. [Obs.]
I am withal persuaded that it may prove much more easy in the assay than it now seems at distance. --Milton.
2. Examination and determination; test; as, an assay of bread or wine. [Obs.]
This can not be, by no assay of reason. --Shak.
3. Trial by danger or by affliction; adventure; risk; hardship; state of being tried. [Obs.]
Through many hard assays which did betide. --Spenser.
4. Tested purity or value. [Obs.]
With gold and pearl of rich assay. --Spenser.
5. Metallurgy The act or process of ascertaining the proportion of a particular metal in an ore or alloy; especially, the determination of the proportion of gold or silver in bullion or coin.
6. The alloy or metal to be assayed.
Usage: Assay and essay are radically the same word; but modern usage has appropriated assay chiefly to experiments in metallurgy, and essay to intellectual and bodily efforts. See Essay.
Note: ☞ Assay is used adjectively or as the first part of a compound; as, assay balance, assay furnace.
Assay master, an officer who assays or tests gold or silver coin or bullion.
Assay ton, a weight of 29,166⅔ grams.
n 1: an appraisal of the state of affairs; "they made an assay of
the contents"; "a check on its dependability under
stress" [syn: check]
2: a substance that is undergoing an analysis of its components
3: a written report of the results of an analysis of the
composition of some substance
4: a quantitative or qualitative test of a substance
(especially an ore or a drug) to determine its components;
frequently used to test for the presence or concentration
of infectious agents or antibodies etc.
v 1: analyze (chemical substances)
2: make an effort or attempt; "He tried to shake off his
fears"; "The infant had essayed a few wobbly steps"; "The
police attempted to stop the thief"; "He sought to improve
himself"; "She always seeks to do good in the world" [syn:
try, seek, attempt, essay]