ex·change /ɪksˈʧenʤ, ˈɛksˌ/
交換 互換 對換
Ex·change, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Exchanged p. pr. & vb. n. Exchanging ]
1. To part with give, or transfer to another in consideration of something received as an equivalent; -- usually followed by for before the thing received.
Exchange his sheep for shells, or wool for a sparking pebble or a diamond. --Locke.
2. To part with for a substitute; to lay aside, quit, or resign (something being received in place of the thing parted with); as, to exchange a palace for cell.
And death for life exchanged foolishly. --Spenser.
To shift his being
Is to exchange one misery with another. --Shak.
3. To give and receive reciprocally, as things of the same kind; to barter; to swap; as, to exchange horses with a neighbor; to exchange houses or hats.
Exchange forgiveness with me, noble Hamlet. --Shak.
Syn: -- To barter; change; commute; interchange; bargain; truck; swap; traffic.
Ex·change, v. i. To be changed or received in exchange for; to pass in exchange; as, dollar exchanges for ten dimes.
1. The act of giving or taking one thing in return for another which is regarded as an equivalent; as, an exchange of cattle for grain.
2. The act of substituting one thing in the place of another; as, an exchange of grief for joy, or of a scepter for a sword, and the like; also, the act of giving and receiving reciprocally; as, an exchange of civilities or views.
3. The thing given or received in return; esp., a publication exchanged for another.
4. Com. The process of setting accounts or debts between parties residing at a distance from each other, without the intervention of money, by exchanging orders or drafts, called bills of exchange. These may be drawn in one country and payable in another, in which case they are called foreign bills; or they may be drawn and made payable in the same country, in which case they are called inland bills. The term bill of exchange is often abbreviated into exchange; as, to buy or sell exchange.
Note: ☞ A in London is creditor to B in New York, and C in London owes D in New York a like sum. A in London draws a bill of exchange on B in New York; C in London purchases the bill, by which A receives his debt due from B in New York. C transmits the bill to D in New York, who receives the amount from B.
5. Law A mutual grant of equal interests, the one in consideration of the other. Estates exchanged must be equal in quantity, as fee simple for fee simple.
6. The place where the merchants, brokers, and bankers of a city meet at certain hours, to transact business; also, the institution which sets regulations and maintains the physical facilities of such a place; as, the New York Stock Exchange; a commodity exchange. In this sense the word was at one time often contracted to 'change
Arbitration of exchange. See under Arbitration.
Bill of exchange. See under Bill.
Exchange broker. See under Broker.
Par of exchange, the established value of the coin or standard of value of one country when expressed in the coin or standard of another, as the value of the pound sterling in the currency of France or the United States. The par of exchange rarely varies, and serves as a measure for the rise and fall of exchange that is affected by the demand and supply. Exchange is at par when, for example, a bill in New York, for the payment of one hundred pounds sterling in London, can be purchased for the sum. Exchange is in favor of a place when it can be purchased there at or above par.
Telephone exchange, a central office in which the wires of any two telephones or telephone stations may be connected to permit conversation.
Syn: -- Barter; dealing; trade; traffic; interchange.
n 1: chemical process in which one atom or ion or group changes
places with another
2: a mutual expression of views (especially an unpleasant one);
"they had a bitter exchange"
3: the act of changing one thing for another thing; "Adam was
promised immortality in exchange for his disobedience";
"there was an exchange of prisoners"
4: the act of giving something in return for something
received; "deductible losses on sales or exchanges of
property are allowable"
5: a workplace that serves as a telecommunications facility
where lines from telephones can be connected together to
permit communication [syn: central, telephone exchange]
6: a workplace for buying and selling; open only to members
7: (sports) an unbroken sequence of several successive strokes;
"after a short rally Connors won the point" [syn: rally]
8: reciprocal transfer of equivalent sums of money especially
the currencies of different countries; "he earns his
living from the interchange of currency" [syn: interchange]
9: the act of putting one thing or person in the place of
another: "he sent Smith in for Jones but the substitution
came too late to help" [syn: substitution, commutation]
10: (chess) gaining (or losing) a rook in return for a knight or
bishop; "black lost the exchange"
11: (chess) the capture by both players (usually on consecutive
moves) of pieces of equal value; "the endgame began after
the exchange of queens"
v 1: give to, and receive from, one another; "Would you change
places with me?"; "We have been exchanging letters for a
year" [syn: change, interchange]
2: exchange or replace with another, usually of the same kind
or category; "Could you convert my dollars into pounds?";
"He changed his name"; "convert centimeters into inches";
"convert holdings into shares" [syn: change, commute,
3: change over, change around, or switch over [syn: switch
4: hand over one and receive another, approximately equivalent;
"exchange prisoners"; "exchange employees between
branches of the company"
5: exchange a penalty for a less severe one [syn: commute, convert]