Bri·er, Bri·ar n.
1. A plant with a slender woody stem bearing stout prickles; especially, species of Rosa, Rubus, and Smilax.
2. Fig.: Anything sharp or unpleasant to the feelings.
The thorns and briers of reproof. --Cowper.
Brier root, the root of the southern Smilax laurifolia and Smilax Walteri; -- used for tobacco pipes. See also 2nd brier.
Cat brier, Green brier, several species of Smilax (Smilax rotundifolia, etc.)
Sweet brier (Rosa rubiginosa). See Sweetbrier.
Yellow brier, the Rosa Eglantina.
Green a. [Compar. Greener superl. Greenest.]
1. Having the color of grass when fresh and growing; resembling that color of the solar spectrum which is between the yellow and the blue; verdant; emerald.
2. Having a sickly color; wan.
To look so green and pale. --Shak.
3. Full of life and vigor; fresh and vigorous; new; recent; as, a green manhood; a green wound.
As valid against such an old and beneficent government as against . . . the greenest usurpation. --Burke.
4. Not ripe; immature; not fully grown or ripened; as, green fruit, corn, vegetables, etc.
5. Not roasted; half raw. [R.]
We say the meat is green when half roasted. --L. Watts.
6. Immature in age, judgment, or experience; inexperienced; young; raw; not trained; awkward; as, green in years or judgment.
I might be angry with the officious zeal which supposes that its green conceptions can instruct my gray hairs. --Sir W. Scott.
7. Not seasoned; not dry; containing its natural juices; as, green wood, timber, etc.
Green brier Bot., a thorny climbing shrub (Emilaz rotundifolia) having a yellowish green stem and thick leaves, with small clusters of flowers, common in the United States; -- called also cat brier.
Green con Zool., the pollock.
Green crab Zool., an edible, shore crab (Carcinus menas) of Europe and America; -- in New England locally named joe-rocker.
Green crop, a crop used for food while in a growing or unripe state, as distingushed from a grain crop, root crop, etc.
Green diallage. Min. (a) Diallage, a variety of pyroxene. (b) Smaragdite.
Green dragon Bot., a North American herbaceous plant (Arisæma Dracontium), resembling the Indian turnip; -- called also dragon root.
Green earth Min., a variety of glauconite, found in cavities in amygdaloid and other eruptive rock, and used as a pigment by artists; -- called also mountain green.
Green ebony. (a) A south American tree (Jacaranda ovalifolia), having a greenish wood, used for rulers, turned and inlaid work, and in dyeing. (b) The West Indian green ebony. See Ebony.
Green fire (Pyrotech.), a composition which burns with a green flame. It consists of sulphur and potassium chlorate, with some salt of barium (usually the nitrate), to which the color of the flame is due.
Green fly Zool., any green species of plant lice or aphids, esp. those that infest greenhouse plants.
Green gage, Bot. See Greengage, in the Vocabulary.
Green gland Zool., one of a pair of large green glands in Crustacea, supposed to serve as kidneys. They have their outlets at the bases of the larger antennæ.
Green hand, a novice. [Colloq.]
Green heart Bot., the wood of a lauraceous tree found in the West Indies and in South America, used for shipbuilding or turnery. The green heart of Jamaica and Guiana is the Nectandra Rodiœi, that of Martinique is the Colubrina ferruginosa.
Green iron ore (Min.) dufrenite.
Green laver Bot., an edible seaweed (Ulva latissima); -- called also green sloke.
Green lead ore (Min.), pyromorphite.
Green linnet Zool., the greenfinch.
Green looper Zool., the cankerworm.
Green marble (Min.), serpentine.
Green mineral, a carbonate of copper, used as a pigment. See Greengill.
Green monkey Zool. a West African long-tailed monkey (Cercopithecus callitrichus), very commonly tamed, and trained to perform tricks. It was introduced into the West Indies early in the last century, and has become very abundant there.
Green salt of Magnus (Old Chem.), a dark green crystalline salt, consisting of ammonia united with certain chlorides of platinum.
Green sand (Founding) molding sand used for a mold while slightly damp, and not dried before the cast is made.
Green sea (Naut.), a wave that breaks in a solid mass on a vessel's deck.
Green sickness Med., chlorosis.
Green snake Zool., one of two harmless American snakes (Cyclophis vernalis, and C. æstivus). They are bright green in color.
Green turtle Zool., an edible marine turtle. See Turtle.
Green vitriol. (a) Chem. Sulphate of iron; a light green crystalline substance, very extensively used in the preparation of inks, dyes, mordants, etc. (b) Min. Same as copperas, melanterite and sulphate of iron.
Green ware, articles of pottery molded and shaped, but not yet baked.
Green woodpecker Zool., a common European woodpecker (Picus viridis); -- called also yaffle.