sol·id /ˈsɑləd/ 形容詞
1. Having the constituent parts so compact, or so firmly adhering, as to resist the impression or penetration of other bodies; having a fixed form; hard; firm; compact; -- opposed to fluid and liquid or to plastic, like clay, or to incompact, like sand.
2. Not hollow; full of matter; as, a solid globe or cone, as distinguished from a hollow one; not spongy; dense; hence, sometimes, heavy.
3. Arith. Having all the geometrical dimensions; cubic; as, a solid foot contains 1,728 solid inches.
Note: ☞ In this sense, cubics now generally used.
4. Firm; compact; strong; stable; unyielding; as, a solid pier; a solid pile; a solid wall.
5. Applied to a compound word whose parts are closely united and form an unbroken word; -- opposed to hyphened.
6. Fig.: Worthy of credit, trust, or esteem; substantial, as opposed to frivolous or fallacious; weighty; firm; strong; valid; just; genuine.
The solid purpose of a sincere and virtuous answer. --Milton.
These, wanting wit, affect gravity, and go by the name of solid men. --Dryden.
The genius of the Italians wrought by solid toil what the myth-making imagination of the Germans had projected in a poem. --J. A. Symonds.
7. Sound; not weakly; as, a solid constitution of body.
8. Bot. Of a fleshy, uniform, undivided substance, as a bulb or root; not spongy or hollow within, as a stem.
9. Metaph. Impenetrable; resisting or excluding any other material particle or atom from any given portion of space; -- applied to the supposed ultimate particles of matter.
10. Print. Not having the lines separated by leads; not open.
11. United; without division; unanimous; as, the delegation is solid for a candidate. [Polit. Cant. U.S.]
Solid angle. Geom. See under Angle.
Solid color, an even color; one not shaded or variegated.
Solid green. See Emerald green (a), under Green.
Solid measure Arith., a measure for volumes, in which the units are each a cube of fixed linear magnitude, as a cubic foot, yard, or the like; thus, a foot, in solid measure, or a solid foot, contains 1,728 solid inches.
Solid newel Arch., a newel into which the ends of winding stairs are built, in distinction from a hollow newel. See under Hollow, a.
Solid problem Geom., a problem which can be construed geometrically, only by the intersection of a circle and a conic section or of two conic sections. --Hutton.
Solid square Mil., a square body or troops in which the ranks and files are equal.
Syn: -- Hard; firm; compact; strong; substantial; stable; sound; real; valid; true; just; weighty; profound; grave; important.
Usage: Solid, Hard. These words both relate to the internal constitution of bodies; but hardnotes a more impenetrable nature or a firmer adherence of the component parts than solid. Hard is opposed to soft, and solid to fluid, liquid, open, or hollow. Wood is usually solid; but some kinds of wood are hard, and others are soft.
Repose you there; while I [return] to this hard house,
More harder than the stones whereof 't is raised. --Shak.
I hear his thundering voice resound,
And trampling feet than shake the solid ground. --Dryden.
1. A substance that is held in a fixed form by cohesion among its particles; a substance not fluid.
2. Geom. A magnitude which has length, breadth, and thickness; a part of space bounded on all sides.
Solid of revolution. Geom. See Revolution, n., 5.
adj 1: of definite shape and volume; firm; neither liquid nor
gaseous; "ice is water in the solid state" [ant: liquid,
2: of good substantial quality; "solid comfort"; "a solid base
3: entirely of one substance with no holes inside; "solid
silver"; "a solid block of wood" [ant: hollow]
4: of one substance or character throughout; "solid gold"; "a
solid color"; "carved out of solid rock"
5: uninterrupted in space; having no gaps or breaks; "a solid
line across the page"; "solid sheets of water"
6: providing abundant nourishment; "a hearty meal"; "good solid
food"; "ate a substantial breakfast" [syn: hearty, satisfying,
7: of good quality and condition; solidly built; "a solid
foundation"; "several substantial timber buildings" [syn:
8: having high moral qualities; "a noble spirit"; "a solid
citizen"; "an upstanding man"; "a worthy successor" [syn:
noble, upstanding, worthy]
9: not soft or yielding to pressure; "a firm mattress"; "the
snow was firm underfoot"; "solid ground" [syn: firm]
10: having three dimensions; "a solid object"
11: incapable of being seen through; "solid blackness"
12: entirely of a single color throughout; "a solid fabric"
[syn: self-colored, self-coloured]
13: acting together as a single undiversified whole; "a solid
voting bloc" [syn: unanimous]
n 1: a substance that is solid at room temperature and pressure
2: the state in which a substance has no tendency to flow under
moderate stress; resists forces (such as compression) that
tend to deform it; and retains a definite size and shape
3: a three-dimensional shape