asy·lum /əˈsaɪləm/ 名詞
A·sy·lum n.; pl. E. Asylums L. Asyla
1. A sanctuary or place of refuge and protection, where criminals and debtors found shelter, and from which they could not be forcibly taken without sacrilege.
So sacred was the church to some, that it had the right of an asylum or sanctuary. --Ayliffe.
Note: ☞ The name was anciently given to temples, altars, statues of the gods, and the like. In later times Christian churches were regarded as asylums in the same sense.
2. Any place of retreat and security.
Earth has no other asylum for them than its own cold bosom. --Southey.
3. An institution for the protection or relief of some class of destitute, unfortunate, or afflicted persons; as, an asylum for the aged, for the blind, or for the insane; a lunatic asylum; an orphan asylum.
n 1: a shelter from danger or hardship [syn: refuge, sanctuary]
2: a hospital for mentally incompetent or unbalanced person
[syn: mental hospital, psychiatric hospital, mental
institution, institution, mental home, insane asylum]