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3 definitions found

From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 Lu·nar a.
 1. Of or pertaining to the moon; as, lunar observations.
 2. Resembling the moon; orbed.
 3. Measured by the revolutions of the moon; as, a lunar month.
 4. Influenced by the moon, as in growth, character, or properties; as, lunar herbs.
 Lunar caustic Med. Chem., silver nitrate prepared to be used as a cautery; -- so named because silver was called luna by the ancient alchemists.
 Lunar cycle. Same as Metonic cycle. See under Cycle.
 Lunar distance, the angular distance of the moon from the sun, a star, or a planet, employed for determining longitude by the lunar method.
 Lunar method, the method of finding a ship's longitude by comparing the local time of taking (by means of a sextant or circle) a given lunar distance, with the Greenwich time corresponding to the same distance as ascertained from a nautical almanac, the difference of these times being the longitude.
 Lunar month. See Month.
 Lunar observation, an observation of a lunar distance by means of a sextant or circle, with the altitudes of the bodies, and the time, for the purpose of computing the longitude.
 Lunar tables. (a) Astron. Tables of the moon's motions, arranged for computing the moon's true place at any time past or future. (b) Navigation Tables for correcting an observed lunar distance on account of refraction and parallax.
 Lunar year, the period of twelve lunar months, or 354 days, 8 hours, 48 minutes, and 34.38 seconds.

From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 Me·ton·ic a.  Pertaining to, or discovered by, Meton, the Athenian.
 Metonic year or Metonic cycle. Astron. See under Cycle.

From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 Cy·cle n.
 1. An imaginary circle or orbit in the heavens; one of the celestial spheres.
 2. An interval of time in which a certain succession of events or phenomena is completed, and then returns again and again, uniformly and continually in the same order; a periodical space of time marked by the recurrence of something peculiar; as, the cycle of the seasons, or of the year.
    Wages . . . bear a full proportion . . . to the medium of provision during the last bad cycle of twenty years.   --Burke.
 3. An age; a long period of time.
    Better fifty years of Europe than a cycle of Cathay.   --Tennyson.
 4. An orderly list for a given time; a calendar. [Obs.]
    We . . . present our gardeners with a complete cycle of what is requisite to be done throughout every month of the year.   --Evelyn.
 5. The circle of subjects connected with the exploits of the hero or heroes of some particular period which have served as a popular theme for poetry, as the legend of Arthur and the knights of the Round Table, and that of Charlemagne and his paladins.
 6. Bot. One entire round in a circle or a spire; as, a cycle or set of leaves.
 7. A bicycle or tricycle, or other light velocipede.
 9. Thermodynamics A series of operations in which heat is imparted to (or taken away from) a working substance which by its expansion gives up a part of its internal energy in the form of mechanical work (or being compressed increases its internal energy) and is again brought back to its original state.
 10. Technology A complete positive and negative, or forward and reverse, action of any periodic process, such as a vibration, an electric field oscillation, or a current alternation; one period. Hence: Elec. A complete positive and negative wave of an alternating current. The number of cycles (per second) is a measure of the frequency of an alternating current.
 Calippic cycle, a period of 76 years, or four Metonic cycles; -- so called from Calippus, who proposed it as an improvement on the Metonic cycle.
 Cycle of eclipses, a period of about 6,586 days, the time of revolution of the moon's node; -- called Saros by the Chaldeans.
 Cycle of indiction, a period of 15 years, employed in Roman and ecclesiastical chronology, not founded on any astronomical period, but having reference to certain judicial acts which took place at stated epochs under the Greek emperors.
 Cycle of the moon, or Metonic cycle, a period of 19 years, after the lapse of which the new and full moon returns to the same day of the year; -- so called from Meton, who first proposed it.
 Cycle of the sun, Solar cycle, a period of 28 years, at the end of which time the days of the month return to the same days of the week. The dominical or Sunday letter follows the same order; hence the solar cycle is also called the cycle of the Sunday letter. In the Gregorian calendar the solar cycle is in general interrupted at the end of the century.