Red, a. [Compar. Redder superl. Reddest.] Of the color of blood, or of a tint resembling that color; of the hue of that part of the rainbow, or of the solar spectrum, which is furthest from the violet part. “Fresh flowers, white and reede.”
Your color, I warrant you, is as red as any rose. --Shak.
Note: ☞ Red is a general term, including many different shades or hues, as scarlet, crimson, vermilion, orange red, and the like.
Note: ☞ Red is often used in the formation of self-explaining compounds; as, red-breasted, red-cheeked, red-faced, red-haired, red-headed, red-skinned, red-tailed, red-topped, red-whiskered, red-coasted.
Red admiral Zool., a beautiful butterfly (Vanessa Atalanta) common in both Europe and America. The front wings are crossed by a broad orange red band. The larva feeds on nettles. Called also Atalanta butterfly, and nettle butterfly.
Red ant. Zool. (a) A very small ant (Myrmica molesta) which often infests houses. (b) A larger reddish ant (Formica sanguinea), native of Europe and America. It is one of the slave-making species.
Red antimony Min., kermesite. See Kermes mineral (b), under Kermes.
Red ash Bot., an American tree (Fraxinus pubescens), smaller than the white ash, and less valuable for timber. --Cray.
Red bass. Zool. See Redfish (d).
Red bay Bot., a tree (Persea Caroliniensis) having the heartwood red, found in swamps in the Southern United States.
Red beard Zool., a bright red sponge (Microciona prolifera), common on oyster shells and stones. [Local, U.S.]
Red birch Bot., a species of birch (Betula nigra) having reddish brown bark, and compact, light-colored wood. --Gray.
Red blindness. Med. See Daltonism.
Red book, a book containing the names of all the persons in the service of the state. [Eng.]
Red book of the Exchequer, an ancient record in which are registered the names of all that held lands per baroniam in the time of Henry II. --Brande & C.
Red brass, an alloy containing eight parts of copper and three of zinc.
Red bug. Zool. (a) A very small mite which in Florida attacks man, and produces great irritation by its bites. (b) A red hemipterous insect of the genus Pyrrhocoris, especially the European species (Pyrrhocoris apterus), which is bright scarlet and lives in clusters on tree trunks. (c) See Cotton stainder, under Cotton.
Red cedar. Bot. An evergreen North American tree (Juniperus Virginiana) having a fragrant red-colored heartwood. (b) A tree of India and Australia (Cedrela Toona) having fragrant reddish wood; -- called also toon tree in India.
Red chalk. See under Chalk.
Red copper Min., red oxide of copper; cuprite.
Red coral Zool., the precious coral (Corallium rubrum). See Illusts. of Coral and Gorgonlacea.
Red cross. The cross of St. George, the national emblem of the English. (b) The Geneva cross. See Geneva convention, and Geneva cross, under Geneva.
Red currant. Bot. See Currant.
Red deer. Zool. (a) The common stag (Cervus elaphus), native of the forests of the temperate parts of Europe and Asia. It is very similar to the American elk, or wapiti. (b) The Virginia deer. See Deer.
Red duck Zool., a European reddish brown duck (Fuligula nyroca); -- called also ferruginous duck.
Red ebony. Bot. See Grenadillo.
Red empress Zool., a butterfly. See Tortoise shell.
Red fir Bot., a coniferous tree (Pseudotsuga Douglasii) found from British Columbia to Texas, and highly valued for its durable timber. The name is sometimes given to other coniferous trees, as the Norway spruce and the American Abies magnifica and Abies nobilis.
Red fire. Pyrotech. See Blue fire, under Fire.
Red flag. See under Flag.
Red fox Zool., the common American fox (Vulpes fulvus), which is usually reddish in color.
Red grouse Zool., the Scotch grouse, or ptarmigan. See under Ptarmigan.
Red gum, or Red gum-tree Bot., a name given to eight Australian species of Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus amygdalina, resinifera, etc.) which yield a reddish gum resin. See Eucalyptus.
Red hand Her., a left hand appaumé, fingers erect, borne on an escutcheon, being the mark of a baronet of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland; -- called also Badge of Ulster.
Red herring, the common herring dried and smoked.
Red horse. Zool. (a) Any large American red fresh-water sucker, especially Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied species. (b) See the Note under Drumfish.
Red lead. (Chem) See under Lead, and Minium.
Red-lead ore. Min. Same as Crocoite.
Red liquor Dyeing, a solution consisting essentially of aluminium acetate, used as a mordant in the fixation of dyestuffs on vegetable fiber; -- so called because used originally for red dyestuffs. Called also red mordant.
Red maggot Zool., the larva of the wheat midge.
Red manganese. Min. Same as Rhodochrosite.
Red man, one of the American Indians; -- so called from his color.
Red maple Bot., a species of maple (Acer rubrum). See Maple.
Red mite. Zool. See Red spider, below.
Red mulberry Bot., an American mulberry of a dark purple color (Morus rubra).
Red mullet Zool., the surmullet. See Mullet.
Red ocher Min., a soft earthy variety of hematite, of a reddish color.
Red perch Zool., the rosefish.
Red phosphorus. Chem. See under Phosphorus.
Red pine Bot., an American species of pine (Pinus resinosa); -- so named from its reddish bark.
Red precipitate. See under Precipitate.
Red Republican European Politics, originally, one who maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, -- because a red liberty cap was the badge of the party; an extreme radical in social reform. [Cant]
Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the Bath in England.
Red sanders. Bot. See Sanders.
Red sandstone. Geol. See under Sandstone.
Red scale Zool., a scale insect (Aspidiotus aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California and Australia.
Red silver Min., an ore of silver, of a ruby-red or reddish black color. It includes proustite, or light red silver, and pyrargyrite, or dark red silver.
Red snapper Zool., a large fish (Lutjanus aya syn. Lutjanus Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico and about the Florida reefs.
Red snow, snow colored by a mocroscopic unicellular alga (Protococcus nivalis) which produces large patches of scarlet on the snows of arctic or mountainous regions.
Red softening Med. a form of cerebral softening in which the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to infarction or inflammation.
Red spider Zool., a very small web-spinning mite (Tetranychus telarius) which infests, and often destroys, plants of various kinds, especially those cultivated in houses and conservatories. It feeds mostly on the under side of the leaves, and causes them to turn yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale red. Called also red mite.
Red squirrel Zool., the chickaree.
Red tape, (a) the tape used in public offices for tying up documents, etc. Hence, (b) official formality and delay; excessive bureaucratic paperwork.
Red underwing Zool., any species of noctuid moths belonging to Catacola and allied genera. The numerous species are mostly large and handsomely colored. The under wings are commonly banded with bright red or orange.
Red water, a disease in cattle, so called from an appearance like blood in the urine.
1. Zool. (a) The adult male of the red deer (Cervus elaphus), a large European species closely related to the American elk, or wapiti. (b) The male of certain other species of large deer.
2. A colt, or filly; also, a romping girl. [Prov. Eng.]
3. A castrated bull; -- called also bull stag, and bull seg. See the Note under Ox.
4. Stock Exchange (a) An outside irregular dealer in stocks, who is not a member of the exchange. [Cant] (b) One who applies for the allotment of shares in new projects, with a view to sell immediately at a premium, and not to hold the stock. [Cant]
5. Zool. The European wren. [Prov. Eng.]
Stag beetle Zool., any one of numerous species of lamellicorn beetles belonging to Lucanus and allied genera, especially Lucanus cervus of Europe and Lucanus dama of the United States. The mandibles are large and branched, or forked, whence the name. The larva feeds on the rotten wood of dead trees. Called also horned bug, and horse beetle.
Stag dance, a dance by men only. [Slang, U.S.]
Stag hog Zool., the babiroussa.
Stag-horn coral Zool., any one of several species of large branching corals of the genus Madrepora, which somewhat resemble the antlers of the stag, especially Madrepora cervicornis, and Madrepora palmata, of Florida and the West Indies.
Stag-horn fern Bot., an Australian and West African fern (Platycerium alcicorne) having the large fronds branched like a stag's horns; also, any species of the same genus.
Stag-horn sumac Bot., a common American shrub (Rhus typhina) having densely velvety branchlets. See Sumac.
Stag party, a party consisting of men only. [Slang, U. S.]
Stag tick Zool., a parasitic dipterous insect of the family Hippoboscidae, which lives upon the stag and is usually wingless. The same species lives also upon the European grouse, but in that case has wings.
Deer n. sing. & pl.
1. Any animal; especially, a wild animal. [Obs.]
Mice and rats, and such small deer. --Shak.
The camel, that great deer. --Lindisfarne MS.
2. Zool. A ruminant of the genus Cervus, of many species, and of related genera of the family Cervidæ. The males, and in some species the females, have solid antlers, often much branched, which are shed annually. Their flesh, for which they are hunted, is called venison.
Note: ☞ The deer hunted in England is Cervus elaphus, called also stag or red deer; the fallow deer is Cervus dama; the common American deer is Cervus Virginianus; the blacktailed deer of Western North America is Cervus Columbianus; and the mule deer of the same region is Cervus macrotis. See Axis, Fallow deer, Mule deer, Reindeer.
Note: ☞ Deer is much used adjectively, or as the first part of a compound; as, deerkiller, deerslayer, deerslaying, deer hunting, deer stealing, deerlike, etc.
Deer mouse Zool., the white-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus, formerly Hesperomys leucopus) of America.
Small deer, petty game, not worth pursuing; -- used metaphorically. (See citation from Shakespeare under the first definition, above.) “Minor critics . . . can find leisure for the chase of such small deer.”
El·a·phine a. Zoöl. Pertaining to, resembling, or characteristic of, the stag, or Cervus elaphus.
n : common deer of temperate Europe and Asia [syn: red deer]