sec·ond·ary /ˈsɛkənˌdɛrɪ/ 形容詞
第二的; 次要的 SEC
1. Succeeding next in order to the first; of second place, origin, rank, etc.; not primary; subordinate; not of the first order or rate.
Wheresoever there is moral right on the one hand, no secondary right can discharge it. --L'Estrange.
Two are the radical differences; the secondary differences are as four. --Bacon.
2. Acting by deputation or delegated authority; as, the work of secondary hands.
3. Chem. Possessing some quality, or having been subject to some operation (as substitution), in the second degree; as, a secondary salt, a secondary amine, etc. Cf. primary.
4. Min. Subsequent in origin; -- said of minerals produced by alteration or deposition subsequent to the formation of the original rock mass; also of characters of minerals (as secondary cleavage, etc.) developed by pressure or other causes.
5. Zool. Pertaining to the second joint of the wing of a bird.
6. Med. (a) Dependent or consequent upon another disease; as, Bright's disease is often secondary to scarlet fever. (b) Occurring in the second stage of a disease; as, the secondary symptoms of syphilis.
Secondary accent. See the Note under Accent, n., 1.
Secondary age. Geol. The Mesozoic age, or age before the Tertiary. See Mesozoic, and Note under Age, n., 8.
Secondary alcohol Chem., any one of a series of alcohols which contain the radical CH.OH united with two hydrocarbon radicals. On oxidation the secondary alcohols form ketones.
Secondary amputation Surg., an amputation for injury, performed after the constitutional effects of the injury have subsided.
Secondary axis Opt., any line which passes through the optical center of a lens but not through the centers of curvature, or, in the case of a mirror, which passes through the center of curvature but not through the center of the mirror.
Secondary battery. Elec. See under Battery, n., 4.
Secondary circle Geom. & Astron., a great circle that passes through the poles of another great circle and is therefore perpendicular to its plane.
Secondary circuit, Secondary coil Elec., a circuit or coil in which a current is produced by the induction of a current in a neighboring circuit or coil called the primary circuit or coil.
Secondary color, a color formed by mixing any two primary colors in equal proportions.
Secondary coverts Zool., the longer coverts which overlie the basal part of the secondary quills of a bird. See Illust. under Bird.
Secondary crystal Min., a crystal derived from one of the primary forms.
Secondary current Elec., a momentary current induced in a closed circuit by a current of electricity passing through the same or a contiguous circuit at the beginning and also at the end of the passage of the primary current.
Secondary evidence, that which is admitted upon failure to obtain the primary or best evidence.
Secondary fever Med., a fever coming on in a disease after the subsidence of the fever with which the disease began, as the fever which attends the outbreak of the eruption in smallpox.
Secondary hemorrhage Med., hemorrhage occuring from a wounded blood vessel at some considerable time after the original bleeding has ceased.
Secondary planet. Astron. See the Note under Planet.
Secondary qualities, those qualities of bodies which are not inseparable from them as such, but are dependent for their development and intensity on the organism of the percipient, such as color, taste, odor, etc.
Secondary quills or Secondary remiges Zool., the quill feathers arising from the forearm of a bird and forming a row continuous with the primaries; -- called also secondaries. See Illust. of Bird.
Secondary rocks or Secondary strata Geol., those lying between the Primary, or Paleozoic, and Tertiary (see Primary rocks, under Primary); -- later restricted to strata of the Mesozoic age, and at present but little used.
Secondary syphilis Med., the second stage of syphilis, including the period from the first development of constitutional symptoms to the time when the bones and the internal organs become involved.
Secondary tint, any subdued tint, as gray.
Secondary union Surg., the union of wounds after suppuration; union by the second intention.
Syn: -- Second; second-rate; subordinate; inferior.
Sec·ond·a·ry n.; pl. Secondaries
1. One who occupies a subordinate, inferior, or auxiliary place; a delegate or deputy; one who is second or next to the chief officer; as, the secondary, or undersheriff of the city of London.
Old Escalus . . . is thy secondary. --Shak.
2. Astron. (a) A secondary circle. (b) A satellite.
3. Zool. A secondary quill.
adj 1: of second rank or importance or value; not direct or
immediate; "the stone will be hauled to a secondary
crusher"; "a secondary source"; "a secondary issue";
"secondary streams" [ant: primary]
2: inferior in rank or status; "the junior faculty"; "a lowly
corporal"; "petty officialdom"; "a subordinate
functionary" [syn: junior-grade, inferior, lower, lower-ranking,
lowly, petty(a), subaltern, subordinate]
3: depending on or incidental to what is original or primary;
"a secondary infection"
4: not of major importance; "played a secondary role in world
5: belonging to a lower class or rank
n 1: the defensive football players who line up behind the
2: coil such that current is induced in it by passing a current
through the primary coil [syn: secondary coil, secondary