ab·stract /ˈæbˌstrækt, ||æbˈ/
ab·stract /ˈæbˌstrækt, æbˈ/ 及物動詞
1. Withdraw; separate. [Obs.]
The more abstract . . . we are from the body. --Norris.
2. Considered apart from any application to a particular object; separated from matter; existing in the mind only; as, abstract truth, abstract numbers. Hence: ideal; abstruse; difficult.
3. Logic (a) Expressing a particular property of an object viewed apart from the other properties which constitute it; -- opposed to concrete; as, honesty is an abstract word. --J. S. Mill. (b) Resulting from the mental faculty of abstraction; general as opposed to particular; as, “reptile” is an abstract or general name.
A concrete name is a name which stands for a thing; an abstract name which stands for an attribute of a thing. A practice has grown up in more modern times, which, if not introduced by Locke, has gained currency from his example, of applying the expression =\“abstract name” to all names which are the result of abstraction and generalization, and consequently to all general names, instead of confining it to the names of attributes.\= --J. S. Mill.
4. Abstracted; absent in mind. “Abstract, as in a trance.”
An abstract idea Metaph., an idea separated from a complex object, or from other ideas which naturally accompany it; as the solidity of marble when contemplated apart from its color or figure.
Abstract terms, those which express abstract ideas, as beauty, whiteness, roundness, without regarding any object in which they exist; or abstract terms are the names of orders, genera or species of things, in which there is a combination of similar qualities.
Abstract numbers Math., numbers used without application to things, as 6, 8, 10; but when applied to any thing, as 6 feet, 10 men, they become concrete.
Abstract mathematics or Pure mathematics. See Mathematics.
Ab·stract v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abstracted; p. pr. & vb. n. Abstracting.]
1. To withdraw; to separate; to take away.
He was incapable of forming any opinion or resolution abstracted from his own prejudices. --Sir W. Scott.
2. To draw off in respect to interest or attention; as, his was wholly abstracted by other objects.
The young stranger had been abstracted and silent. --Blackw. Mag.
3. To separate, as ideas, by the operation of the mind; to consider by itself; to contemplate separately, as a quality or attribute.
4. To epitomize; to abridge.
5. To take secretly or dishonestly; to purloin; as, to abstract goods from a parcel, or money from a till.
Von Rosen had quietly abstracted the bearing-reins from the harness. --W. Black.
6. Chem. To separate, as the more volatile or soluble parts of a substance, by distillation or other chemical processes. In this sense extract is now more generally used.
Ab·stract, v. t. To perform the process of abstraction. [R.]
I own myself able to abstract in one sense. --Berkeley.
1. That which comprises or concentrates in itself the essential qualities of a larger thing or of several things. Specifically: A summary or an epitome, as of a treatise or book, or of a statement; a brief.
An abstract of every treatise he had read. --Watts.
Man, the abstract
Of all perfection, which the workmanship
Of Heaven hath modeled. --Ford.
2. A state of separation from other things; as, to consider a subject in the abstract, or apart from other associated things.
3. An abstract term.
The concretes =\“father” and “son” have, or might have, the abstracts “paternity” and “filiety.”\= --J. S. Mill.
4. Med. A powdered solid extract of a vegetable substance mixed with lactose in such proportion that one part of the abstract represents two parts of the original substance.
Abstract of title Law, a document which provides a summary of the history of ownership of a parcel of real estate, including the conveyances and mortgages; also called brief of title.
Syn: -- Abridgment; compendium; epitome; synopsis. See Abridgment.
adj 1: existing only in the mind; separated from embodiment;
"abstract words like `truth' and `justice'" [ant: concrete]
2: not representing or imitating external reality or the
objects of nature; "a large abstract painting" [syn: abstractionist,
3: based on specialized theory; "a theoretical analysis" [syn:
4: dealing with a subject in the abstract without practical
purpose or intention; "abstract reasoning"; "abstract
n 1: a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance;
"he loved her only in the abstract--not in person" [syn:
2: a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument or
theory [syn: outline, synopsis, precis]
v 1: consider a concept without thinking of a specific example;
consider abstractly or theoretically
2: make off with belongings of others [syn: pilfer, cabbage,
purloin, pinch, snarf, swipe, hook, sneak, filch,
3: consider apart from a particular case or instance; "Let's
abstract away from this particular example"
4: give an abstract (of)