crown /ˈkraʊn/ 名詞
Crow v. i. [imp. Crew or Crowed p. p. Crowed (Crown Obs.); p. pr. & vb. n. Crowing.]
1. To make the shrill sound characteristic of a cock, either in joy, gayety, or defiance. “The cock had crown.”
The morning cock crew loud. --Shak.
2. To shout in exultation or defiance; to brag.
3. To utter a sound expressive of joy or pleasure.
The sweetest little maid,
That ever crowed for kisses. --Tennyson.
To crow over, to exult over a vanquished antagonist.
Sennacherib crowing over poor Jerusalem. --Bp. Hall.
Crown p. p. of Crow. [Obs.]
1. A wreath or garland, or any ornamental fillet encircling the head, especially as a reward of victory or mark of honorable distinction; hence, anything given on account of, or obtained by, faithful or successful effort; a reward. “An olive branch and laurel crown.”
They do it to obtain a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible. --1 Cor. ix. 25.
Be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life. --Rev. ii. 10.
2. A royal headdress or cap of sovereignty, worn by emperors, kings, princes, etc.
Note: ☞ Nobles wear coronets; the triple crown of the pope is usually called a tiara. The crown of England is a circle of gold with crosses, fleurs-de-lis, and imperial arches, inclosing a crimson velvet cap, and ornamented with thousands of diamonds and precious stones.
3. The person entitled to wear a regal or imperial crown; the sovereign; -- with the definite article.
Parliament may be dissolved by the demise of the crown. --Blackstone.
Large arrears of pay were due to the civil and military servants of the crown. --Macaulay.
4. Imperial or regal power or dominion; sovereignty.
There is a power behind the crown greater than the crown itself. --Junius.
5. Anything which imparts beauty, splendor, honor, dignity, or finish.
The hoary head is a crown of glory, if it be found in the way of righteousness. --Prov. xvi. 31.
A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband. --Prov. xvi. 4.
6. Highest state; acme; consummation; perfection.
Mutual love, the crown of all our bliss. --Milton.
7. The topmost part of anything; the summit.
The steepy crown of the bare mountains. --Dryden.
8. The topmost part of the head (see Illust. of Bird.); that part of the head from which the hair descends toward the sides and back; also, the head or brain.
From toe to crown he'll fill our skin with pinches. --Shak.
Twenty things which I set down:
This done, I twenty more-had in my crown. --Bunyan.
9. The part of a hat above the brim.
10. Anat. The part of a tooth which projects above the gum; also, the top or grinding surface of a tooth.
11. Arch. The vertex or top of an arch; -- applied generally to about one third of the curve, but in a pointed arch to the apex only.
12. Bot. Same as Corona.
13. Naut. (a) That part of an anchor where the arms are joined to the shank. (b) The rounding, or rounded part, of the deck from a level line. (c) pl. The bights formed by the several turns of a cable.
14. The upper range of facets in a rose diamond.
15. The dome of a furnace.
16. Geom. The area inclosed between two concentric perimeters.
17. Eccl. A round spot shaved clean on the top of the head, as a mark of the clerical state; the tonsure.
18. A size of writing paper. See under Paper.
19. A coin stamped with the image of a crown; hence,a denomination of money; as, the English crown, a silver coin of the value of five shillings sterling, or a little more than $1.20; the Danish or Norwegian crown, a money of account, etc., worth nearly twenty-seven cents.
20. An ornaments or decoration representing a crown; as, the paper is stamped with a crown.
Crown of aberration Astron., a spurious circle around the true circle of the sun.
Crown antler Zool., the topmost branch or tine of an antler; also, an antler having a cuplike top, with tines springing from the rim.
Crown bar, one of the bars which support the crown sheet of steam-boiler furnace.
Crown glass. See under Glass.
Crown imperial. Bot. See in the Vocabulary.
Crown jewels, the jewels appertaining to the sovereign while wearing the crown. [Eng.] “She pawned and set to sale the crown jewels.” --Milton.
Crown land, land belonging to the crown, that is, to the sovereign.
Crown law, the law which governs criminal prosecutions. [Eng.]
Crown lawyer, one employed by the crown, as in criminal cases. [Eng.]
Crown octavo. See under Paper.
Crown office. See in the Vocabulary.
Crown paper. See under Paper.
Crown piece. See in the Vocabulary.
Crown Prince, the heir apparent to a crown or throne.
Crown saw. See in the Vocabulary.
Crown scab Far., a cancerous sore formed round the corners of a horse's hoof.
Crown sheet, the flat plate which forms the top of the furnace or fire box of an internally fired steam boiler.
Crown shell. Zool. See Acorn-shell.
Crown side. See Crown office.
Crown tax Eccl. Hist., a golden crown, or its value, which was required annually from the Jews by the king of Syria, in the time of the Maccabees. --1 Macc. x. 20.
Crown wheel. See in the Vocabulary.
Crown work. See in the Vocabulary.
Pleas of the crown Engl. law, criminal actions.
Crown v. t. [imp. & p. p. Crowned p. pr. & vb. n. Crowning.]
1. To cover, decorate, or invest with a crown; hence, to invest with royal dignity and power.
Her who fairest does appear,
Crown her queen of all the year. --Dryden.
Crown him, and say, =\“Long live our emperor.”\= --Shak.
2. To bestow something upon as a mark of honor, dignity, or recompense; to adorn; to dignify.
Thou . . . hast crowned him with glory and honor. --Ps. viii. 5.
3. To form the topmost or finishing part of; to complete; to consummate; to perfect.
Amidst the grove that crowns yon tufted hill. --Byron.
One day shall crown the alliance. --Shak.
To crown the whole, came a proposition. --Motley.
4. Mech. To cause to round upward; to make anything higher at the middle than at the edges, as the face of a machine pulley.
5. Mil. To effect a lodgment upon, as upon the crest of the glacis, or the summit of the breach.
To crown a knot Naut., to lay the ends of the strands over and under each other.
n 1: the Crown (or the reigning monarch) as the symbol of the
power and authority of a monarchy; "the colonies
revolted against the Crown"
2: the enamel covered part of a tooth above the gum
3: a wreath or garland worn on the head to signify victory
4: an ornamental jewelled headdress signifying sovereignty
5: the part of a hat (the vertex) covering the crown of the
6: an English coin worth 5 shillings
7: the upper branches and leaves of a tree [syn: capitulum, treetop]
8: the top point of a mountain or hill; "the view from the peak
was magnificent"; "they clambered to the summit of
Monadnock" [syn: peak, crest, top, tip, summit]
9: the award given to the champion [syn: pennant]
10: the top of the head [syn: pate, poll]
11: the center of a cambered road [syn: crest]
v 1: invest with regal power; enthrone; "The prince was crowned
in Westminster Abbey" [syn: coronate]
2: be the culminating event; "The speech crowned the meeting"
3: form the topmost part of; "A weather vane crowns the
4: put an enamel cover on; "crown my teeth"
(1.) Denotes the plate of gold in the front of the high priest's
mitre (Ex. 29:6; 39:30). The same Hebrew word so rendered
(ne'zer) denotes the diadem worn by Saul in battle (2 Sam.
1:10), and also that which was used at the coronation of Joash
(2 Kings 11:12).
(2.) The more general name in Hebrew for a crown is _'atarah_,
meaning a "circlet." This is used of crowns and head ornaments
of divers kinds, including royal crowns. Such was the crown
taken from the king of Ammon by David (2 Sam. 12:30). The crown
worn by the Assyrian kings was a high mitre, sometimes adorned
with flowers. There are sculptures also representing the crowns
worn by the early Egyptian and Persian kings. Sometimes a diadem
surrounded the royal head-dress of two or three fillets. This
probably signified that the wearer had dominion over two or
three countries. In Rev. 12:3; 13:1, we read of "many crowns," a
token of extended dominion.
(3.) The ancient Persian crown (Esther 1:11; 2:17; 6:8) was
called _kether_; i.e., "a chaplet," a high cap or tiara. Crowns
were worn sometimes to represent honour and power (Ezek. 23:42).
They were worn at marriages (Cant. 3:11; Isa. 61:10,
"ornaments;" R.V., "a garland"), and at feasts and public
The crown was among the Romans and Greeks a symbol of victory
and reward. The crown or wreath worn by the victors in the
Olympic games was made of leaves of the wild olive; in the
Pythian games, of laurel; in the Nemean games, of parsley; and
in the Isthmian games, of the pine. The Romans bestowed the
"civic crown" on him who saved the life of a citizen. It was
made of the leaves of the oak. In opposition to all these fading
crowns the apostles speak of the incorruptible crown, the crown
of life (James 1:12; Rev. 2:10) "that fadeth not away" (1 Pet.
5:4, Gr. amarantinos; comp. 1:4). Probably the word "amaranth"
was applied to flowers we call "everlasting," the "immortal