1. Flowing freely like water; fluid; not solid.
Yea, though he go upon the plane and liquid water which will receive no step. --Tyndale.
2. Physics Being in such a state that the component molecules move freely among themselves, but have a definite volume changing only slightly with changes of pressure, and do not tend to separate from each other as the particles of gases and vapors do when the volume of the container is increased; neither solid nor gaseous; as, liquid mercury, in distinction from mercury solidified or in a state of vapor.
Note: Liquid substances may form a definite interface with gases, whereas the molecules of different gases freely intermingle with each other.
3. Flowing or sounding smoothly or without abrupt transitions or harsh tones. “Liquid melody.”
4. Pronounced without any jar or harshness; smooth; as, l and r are liquid letters.
5. Fluid and transparent; as, the liquid air.
6. Clear; definite in terms or amount. [Obs.] “Though the debt should be entirely liquid.”
Liquid glass. See Soluble glass, under Glass.
1. Any liquid substance, as water, milk, blood, sap, juice, or the like.
2. Specifically, alcoholic or spirituous fluid, either distilled or fermented, as brandy, wine, whisky, beer, etc.
3. Pharm. A solution of a medicinal substance in water; -- distinguished from tincture and aqua.
Note: ☞ The U. S. Pharmacopoeia includes, in this class of preparations, all aqueous solutions without sugar, in which the substance acted on is wholly soluble in water, excluding those in which the dissolved matter is gaseous or very volatile, as in the aquæ or waters.
Labarraque's liquor Old Chem., a solution of an alkaline hypochlorite, as sodium hypochlorite, used in bleaching and as a disinfectant.
Liquor of flints, or Liquor silicum Old Chem., soluble glass; -- so called because formerly made from powdered flints. See Soluble glass, under Glass.
Liquor of Libavius. Old Chem. See Fuming liquor of Libavius, under Fuming.
Liquor sanguinis Physiol., the blood plasma.
Liquor thief, a tube for taking samples of liquor from a cask through the bung hole.
To be in liquor, to be intoxicated.
1. Susceptible of being dissolved in a fluid; capable of solution; as, some substances are soluble in alcohol which are not soluble in water.
Sugar is . . . soluble in water and fusible in fire. --Arbuthnot.
2. Susceptible of being solved; as, a soluble algebraic problem; susceptible of being disentangled, unraveled, or explained; as, the mystery is perhaps soluble. “More soluble is this knot.”
3. Relaxed; open or readily opened. [R.] “The bowels must be kept soluble.”
Soluble glass. Chem. See under Glass.
1. Chem. See Soluble glass, under Glass.
2. A clepsydra.
3. An instrument consisting of an open box or tube with a glass bottom, used for examining objects in the water, as upon the sea bottom in shallow places.
4. A water gauge for a steam boiler.
1. A hard, brittle, translucent, and commonly transparent substance, white or colored, having a conchoidal fracture, and made by fusing together sand or silica with lime, potash, soda, or lead oxide. It is used for window panes and mirrors, for articles of table and culinary use, for lenses, and various articles of ornament.
Note: ☞ Glass is variously colored by the metallic oxides; thus, manganese colors it violet; copper (cuprous), red, or (cupric) green; cobalt, blue; uranium, yellowish green or canary yellow; iron, green or brown; gold, purple or red; tin, opaque white; chromium, emerald green; antimony, yellow.
2. Chem. Any substance having a peculiar glassy appearance, and a conchoidal fracture, and usually produced by fusion.
3. Anything made of glass. Especially: (a) A looking-glass; a mirror. (b) A vessel filled with running sand for measuring time; an hourglass; and hence, the time in which such a vessel is exhausted of its sand.
She would not live
The running of one glass. --Shak.
(c) A drinking vessel; a tumbler; a goblet; hence, the contents of such a vessel; especially; spirituous liquors; as, he took a glass at dinner. (d) An optical glass; a lens; a spyglass; -- in the plural, spectacles; as, a pair of glasses; he wears glasses. (e) A weatherglass; a barometer.
Note: ☞ Glass is much used adjectively or in combination; as, glass maker, or glassmaker; glass making or glassmaking; glass blower or glassblower, etc.
Bohemian glass, Cut glass, etc. See under Bohemian, Cut, etc.
Crown glass, a variety of glass, used for making the finest plate or window glass, and consisting essentially of silicate of soda or potash and lime, with no admixture of lead; the convex half of an achromatic lens is composed of crown glass; -- so called from a crownlike shape given it in the process of blowing.
Crystal glass, or Flint glass. See Flint glass, in the Vocabulary.
Cylinder glass, sheet glass made by blowing the glass in the form of a cylinder which is then split longitudinally, opened out, and flattened.
Glass of antimony, a vitreous oxide of antimony mixed with sulphide.
Glass cloth, a woven fabric formed of glass fibers.
Glass coach, a coach superior to a hackney-coach, hired for the day, or any short period, as a private carriage; -- so called because originally private carriages alone had glass windows. [Eng.] --Smart.
Glass coaches are [allowed in English parks from which ordinary hacks are excluded], meaning by this term, which is never used in America, hired carriages that do not go on stands. --J. F. Cooper.
-- Glass cutter. (a) One who cuts sheets of glass into sizes for window panes, ets. (b) One who shapes the surface of glass by grinding and polishing. (c) A tool, usually with a diamond at the point, for cutting glass.
Glass cutting. (a) The act or process of dividing glass, as sheets of glass into panes with a diamond. (b) The act or process of shaping the surface of glass by appylying it to revolving wheels, upon which sand, emery, and, afterwards, polishing powder, are applied; especially of glass which is shaped into facets, tooth ornaments, and the like. Glass having ornamental scrolls, etc., cut upon it, is said to be engraved.
Glass metal, the fused material for making glass.
Glass painting, the art or process of producing decorative effects in glass by painting it with enamel colors and combining the pieces together with slender sash bars of lead or other metal. In common parlance, glass painting and glass staining (see Glass staining, below) are used indifferently for all colored decorative work in windows, and the like.
Glass paper, paper faced with pulvirezed glass, and used for abrasive purposes.
Glass silk, fine threads of glass, wound, when in fusion, on rapidly rotating heated cylinders.
Glass silvering, the process of transforming plate glass into mirrors by coating it with a reflecting surface, a deposit of silver, or a mercury amalgam.
Glass soap, or Glassmaker's soap, the black oxide of manganese or other substances used by glass makers to take away color from the materials for glass.
Glass staining, the art or practice of coloring glass in its whole substance, or, in the case of certain colors, in a superficial film only; also, decorative work in glass. Cf. Glass painting.
Glass tears. See Rupert's drop.
Glass works, an establishment where glass is made.
Heavy glass, a heavy optical glass, consisting essentially of a borosilicate of potash.
Millefiore glass. See Millefiore.
Plate glass, a fine kind of glass, cast in thick plates, and flattened by heavy rollers, -- used for mirrors and the best windows.
Pressed glass, glass articles formed in molds by pressure when hot.
Soluble glass Chem., a silicate of sodium or potassium, found in commerce as a white, glassy mass, a stony powder, or dissolved as a viscous, sirupy liquid; -- used for rendering fabrics incombustible, for hardening artificial stone, etc.; -- called also water glass.
Spun glass, glass drawn into a thread while liquid.
Toughened glass, Tempered glass, glass finely tempered or annealed, by a peculiar method of sudden cooling by plunging while hot into oil, melted wax, or paraffine, etc.; -- called also, from the name of the inventor of the process, Bastie glass.
Water glass. Chem. See Soluble glass, above.
Window glass, glass in panes suitable for windows.
n : a viscous glass consisting of sodium silicate in solution;
used as a cement or as a protective coating and to
preserve eggs [syn: water glass, sodium silicate]