Lie, v. i. [imp. Lay p. p. Lain (Lien Obs.); p. pr. & vb. n. Lying.]
1. To rest extended on the ground, a bed, or any support; to be, or to put one's self, in an horizontal position, or nearly so; to be prostate; to be stretched out; -- often with down, when predicated of living creatures; as, the book lies on the table; the snow lies on the roof; he lies in his coffin.
The watchful traveler . . .
Lay down again, and closed his weary eyes. --Dryden.
2. To be situated; to occupy a certain place; as, Ireland lies west of England; the meadows lie along the river; the ship lay in port.
3. To abide; to remain for a longer or shorter time; to be in a certain state or condition; as, to lie waste; to lie fallow; to lie open; to lie hid; to lie grieving; to lie under one's displeasure; to lie at the mercy of the waves; the paper does not lie smooth on the wall.
4. To be or exist; to belong or pertain; to have an abiding place; to consist; -- with in.
Envy lies between beings equal in nature, though unequal in circumstances. --Collier.
He that thinks that diversion may not lie in hard labor, forgets the early rising and hard riding of huntsmen. --Locke.
5. To lodge; to sleep.
Whiles I was now trifling at home, I saw London, . . . where I lay one night only. --Evelyn.
Mr. Quinion lay at our house that night. --Dickens.
6. To be still or quiet, like one lying down to rest.
The wind is loud and will not lie. --Shak.
7. Law To be sustainable; to be capable of being maintained. “An appeal lies in this case.”
Note: ☞ Through ignorance or carelessness speakers and writers often confuse the forms of the two distinct verbs lay and lie. Lay is a transitive verb, and has for its preterit laid; as, he told me to lay it down, and I laid it down. Lie is intransitive, and has for its preterit lay; as, he told me to lie down, and I lay down. Some persons blunder by using laid for the preterit of lie; as, he told me to lie down, and I laid down. So persons often say incorrectly, the ship laid at anchor; they laid by during the storm; the book was laying on the shelf, etc. It is only necessary to remember, in all such cases, that laid is the preterit of lay, and not of lie.
To lie along the shore Naut., to coast, keeping land in sight.
To lie at the door of, to be imputable to; as, the sin, blame, etc., lies at your door.
To lie at the heart, to be an object of affection, desire, or anxiety. --Sir W. Temple.
To lie at the mercy of, to be in the power of.
To lie by. (a) To remain with; to be at hand; as, he has the manuscript lying by him. (b) To rest; to intermit labor; as, we lay by during the heat of the day.
To lie hard or To lie heavy, to press or weigh; to bear hard.
To lie in, to be in childbed; to bring forth young.
To lie in one, to be in the power of; to belong to. “As much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men.” --Rom. xii. 18.
To lie in the way, to be an obstacle or impediment.
To lie in wait , to wait in concealment; to lie in ambush.
To lie on or To lie upon. (a) To depend on; as, his life lies on the result. (b) To bear, rest, press, or weigh on.
To lie low, to remain in concealment or inactive. [Slang]
To lie on hand, To lie on one's hands, to remain unsold or unused; as, the goods are still lying on his hands; they have too much time lying on their hands.
To lie on the head of, to be imputed to.
What he gets more of her than sharp words, let it lie on my head. --Shak.
-- To lie over. (a) To remain unpaid after the time when payment is due, as a note in bank. (b) To be deferred to some future occasion, as a resolution in a public deliberative body.
To lie to Naut., to stop or delay; especially, to head as near the wind as possible as being the position of greatest safety in a gale; -- said of a ship. Cf. To bring to, under Bring.
To lie under, to be subject to; to suffer; to be oppressed by.
To lie with. (a) To lodge or sleep with. (b) To have sexual intercourse with. (c) To belong to; as, it lies with you to make amends.
Bring v. t. [imp. & p. p. Brought p. pr. & vb. n. Bringing.]
1. To convey to the place where the speaker is or is to be; to bear from a more distant to a nearer place; to fetch.
And as she was going to fetch it, he called to her, and said, Bring me, I pray thee, a morsel of bread. --1 Kings xvii. 11.
To France shall we convey you safe,
And bring you back. --Shak.
2. To cause the accession or obtaining of; to procure; to make to come; to produce; to draw to.
There is nothing will bring you more honor . . . than to do what right in justice you may. --Bacon.
3. To convey; to move; to carry or conduct.
In distillation, the water . . . brings over with it some part of the oil of vitriol. --Sir I. Newton.
4. To persuade; to induce; to draw; to lead; to guide.
It seems so preposterous a thing . . . that they do not easily bring themselves to it. --Locke.
The nature of the things . . . would not suffer him to think otherwise, how, or whensoever, he is brought to reflect on them. --Locke.
5. To produce in exchange; to sell for; to fetch; as, what does coal bring per ton?
To bring about, to bring to pass; to effect; to accomplish.
To bring back. (a) To recall. (b) To restore, as something borrowed, to its owner.
To bring by the lee Naut., to incline so rapidly to leeward of the course, when a ship sails large, as to bring the lee side suddenly to the windward, any by laying the sails aback, expose her to danger of upsetting.
To bring down. (a) To cause to come down. (b) To humble or abase; as, to bring down high looks.
To bring down the house, to cause tremendous applause. [Colloq.]
To bring forth. (a) To produce, as young fruit. (b) To bring to light; to make manifest.
To bring forward (a) To exhibit; to introduce; to produce to view. (b) To hasten; to promote; to forward. (c) To propose; to adduce; as, to bring forward arguments.
To bring home. (a) To bring to one's house. (b) To prove conclusively; as, to bring home a charge of treason. (c) To cause one to feel or appreciate by personal experience. (d) Naut. To lift of its place, as an anchor.
To bring in. (a) To fetch from without; to import. (b) To introduce, as a bill in a deliberative assembly. (c) To return or repot to, or lay before, a court or other body; to render; as, to bring in a verdict or a report. (d) To take to an appointed place of deposit or collection; as, to bring in provisions or money for a specified object. (e) To produce, as income. (f) To induce to join.
To bring off, to bear or convey away; to clear from condemnation; to cause to escape.
To bring on. (a) To cause to begin. (b) To originate or cause to exist; as, to bring on a disease.
To bring one on one's way, to accompany, guide, or attend one.
To bring out, to expose; to detect; to bring to light from concealment.
To bring over. (a) To fetch or bear across. (b) To convert by persuasion or other means; to cause to change sides or an opinion.
To bring to. (a) To resuscitate; to bring back to consciousness or life, as a fainting person. (b) Naut. To check the course of, as of a ship, by dropping the anchor, or by counterbracing the sails so as to keep her nearly stationary (she is then said to lie to). (c) To cause (a vessel) to lie to, as by firing across her course. (d) To apply a rope to the capstan.
To bring to light, to disclose; to discover; to make clear; to reveal.
To bring a sail to Naut., to bend it to the yard.
To bring to pass, to accomplish to effect. “Trust also in Him; and He shall bring it to pass.” --Ps. xxxvii. 5.
To bring under, to subdue; to restrain; to reduce to obedience.
To bring up. (a) To carry upward; to nurse; to rear; to educate. (b) To cause to stop suddenly. (c)
Note: [v. i. by dropping the reflexive pronoun] To stop suddenly; to come to a standstill. [Colloq.]
To bring up (any one) with a round turn, to cause (any one) to stop abruptly. [Colloq.]
To be brought to bed. See under Bed.
Syn: -- To fetch; bear; carry; convey; transport; import; procure; produce; cause; adduce; induce.