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4 definitions found

From: DICT.TW English-Chinese Dictionary 英漢字典

 Eli·jah /ɪˈlaɪʤə/

From: WordNet (r) 2.0

      n : a Hebrew prophet in the Old Testament who opposed the
          worship of idols; he was persecuted for rebuking Ahab and
          Jezebel (king and queen of Israel); he was taken up to
          heaven in a chariot of fire (circa 9th century BC)

From: Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary

    whose God is Jehovah. (1.) "The Tishbite," the "Elias" of the
    New Testament, is suddenly introduced to our notice in 1 Kings
    17:1 as delivering a message from the Lord to Ahab. There is
    mention made of a town called Thisbe, south of Kadesh, but it is
    impossible to say whether this was the place referred to in the
    name given to the prophet.
      Having delivered his message to Ahab, he retired at the
    command of God to a hiding-place by the brook Cherith, beyond
    Jordan, where he was fed by ravens. When the brook dried up God
    sent him to the widow of Zarephath, a city of Zidon, from whose
    scanty store he was supported for the space of two years. During
    this period the widow's son died, and was restored to life by
    Elijah (1 Kings 17: 2-24).
      During all these two years a famine prevailed in the land. At
    the close of this period of retirement and of preparation for
    his work (comp. Gal. 1:17, 18) Elijah met Obadiah, one of Ahab's
    officers, whom he had sent out to seek for pasturage for the
    cattle, and bade him go and tell his master that Elijah was
    there. The king came and met Elijah, and reproached him as the
    troubler of Israel. It was then proposed that sacrifices should
    be publicly offered, for the purpose of determining whether Baal
    or Jehovah were the true God. This was done on Carmel, with the
    result that the people fell on their faces, crying, "The Lord,
    he is the God." Thus was accomplished the great work of Elijah's
    ministry. The prophets of Baal were then put to death by the
    order of Elijah. Not one of them escaped. Then immediately
    followed rain, according to the word of Elijah, and in answer to
    his prayer (James 5:18).
      Jezebel, enraged at the fate that had befallen her priests of
    Baal, threatened to put Elijah to death (1 Kings 19:1-13). He
    therefore fled in alarm to Beersheba, and thence went alone a
    day's journey into the wilderness, and sat down in despondency
    under a juniper tree. As he slept an angel touched him, and said
    unto him, "Arise and eat; because the journey is too great for
    thee." He arose and found a cake and a cruse of water. Having
    partaken of the provision thus miraculously supplied, he went
    forward on his solitary way for forty days and forty nights to
    Horeb, the mount of God, where he took up his abode in a cave.
    Here the Lord appeared unto him and said, "What dost thou here,
    Elijah?" In answer to his despondent words God manifests to him
    his glory, and then directs him to return to Damascus and anoint
    Hazael king over Syria, and Jehu king over Israel, and Elisha to
    be prophet in his room (1 Kings 19:13-21; comp. 2 Kings 8:7-15;
      Some six years after this he warned Ahab and Jezebel of the
    violent deaths they would die (1 Kings 21:19-24; 22:38). He
    also, four years afterwards, warned Ahaziah (q.v.), who had
    succeeded his father Ahab, of his approaching death (2 Kings
    1:1-16). (See NABOTH.) During these intervals he
    probably withdrew to some quiet retirement, no one knew where.
    His interview with Ahaziah's messengers on the way to Ekron, and
    the account of the destruction of his captains with their
    fifties, suggest the idea that he may have been in retirement at
    this time on Mount Carmel.
      The time now drew near when he was to be taken up into heaven
    (2 Kings 2:1-12). He had a presentiment of what was awaiting
    him. He went down to Gilgal, where was a school of the prophets,
    and where his successor Elisha, whom he had anointed some years
    before, resided. Elisha was solemnized by the thought of his
    master's leaving him, and refused to be parted from him. "They
    two went on," and came to Bethel and Jericho, and crossed the
    Jordan, the waters of which were "divided hither and thither"
    when smitten with Elijah's mantle. Arrived at the borders of
    Gilead, which Elijah had left many years before, it "came to
    pass as they still went on and talked" they were suddenly
    separated by a chariot and horses of fire; and "Elijah went up
    by a whirlwind into heaven, "Elisha receiving his mantle, which
    fell from him as he ascended.
      No one of the old prophets is so frequently referred to in the
    New Testament. The priests and Levites said to the Baptist (John
    1:25), "Why baptizest thou, if thou be not that Christ, nor
    Elias?" Paul (Rom. 11:2) refers to an incident in his history to
    illustrate his argument that God had not cast away his people.
    James (5:17) finds in him an illustration of the power of
    prayer. (See also Luke 4:25; 9:54.) He was a type of John the
    Baptist in the sternness and power of his reproofs (Luke 9:8).
    He was the Elijah that "must first come" (Matt. 11:11, 14), the
    forerunner of our Lord announced by Malachi. Even outwardly the
    Baptist corresponded so closely to the earlier prophet that he
    might be styled a second Elijah. In him we see "the same
    connection with a wild and wilderness country; the same long
    retirement in the desert; the same sudden, startling entrance on
    his work (1 Kings 17:1; Luke 3:2); even the same dress, a hairy
    garment, and a leathern girdle about the loins (2 Kings 1:8;
    Matt. 3:4)."
      How deep the impression was which Elijah made "on the mind of
    the nation may be judged from the fixed belief, which rested on
    the words of Malachi (4:5, 6), which many centuries after
    prevailed that he would again appear for the relief and
    restoration of the country. Each remarkable person as he arrives
    on the scene, be his habits and characteristics what they may,
    the stern John equally with his gentle Successor, is proclaimed
    to be Elijah (Matt. 11:13, 14; 16:14; 17:10; Mark 9:11; 15:35;
    Luke 9:7, 8; John 1:21). His appearance in glory on the mount of
    transfiguration does not seem to have startled the disciples.
    They were 'sore afraid,' but not apparently surprised."
      (2.) The Elijah spoken of in 2 Chr. 21:12-15 is by some
    supposed to be a different person from the foregoing. He lived
    in the time of Jehoram, to whom he sent a letter of warning
    (comp. 1 Chr. 28:19; Jer. 36), and acted as a prophet in Judah;
    while the Tishbite was a prophet of the northern kingdom. But
    there does not seem any necessity for concluding that the writer
    of this letter was some other Elijah than the Tishbite. It may
    be supposed either that Elijah anticipated the character of
    Jehoram, and so wrote the warning message, which was preserved
    in the schools of the prophets till Jehoram ascended the throne
    after the Tishbite's translation, or that the translation did
    not actually take place till after the accession of Jehoram to
    the throne (2 Chr. 21:12; 2 Kings 8:16). The events of 2 Kings 2
    may not be recorded in chronological order, and thus there may
    be room for the opinion that Elijah was still alive in the
    beginning of Jehoram's reign.

From: Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary (late 1800's)

 Elijah, God the Lord, the strong Lord