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From: DICT.TW English-Chinese Dictionary 英漢字典

 stand by

From: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

 Stand v. i. [imp. & p. p. Stood p. pr. & vb. n. Standing.]
 1. To be at rest in an erect position; to be fixed in an upright or firm position; as: (a) To be supported on the feet, in an erect or nearly erect position; -- opposed to lie, sit, kneel, etc.  “I pray you all, stand up!” --Shak. (b) To continue upright in a certain locality, as a tree fixed by the roots, or a building resting on its foundation.
    It stands as it were to the ground yglued.   --Chaucer.
 The ruined wall
 Stands when its wind-worn battlements are gone.   --Byron.
 2. To occupy or hold a place; to have a situation; to be situated or located; as, Paris stands on the Seine.
    Wite ye not where there stands a little town?   --Chaucer.
 3. To cease from progress; not to proceed; to stop; to pause; to halt; to remain stationary.
 I charge thee, stand,
 And tell thy name.   --Dryden.
    The star, which they saw in the east, went before them, till it came and stood over where the young child was.   --Matt. ii. 9.
 4. To remain without ruin or injury; to hold good against tendencies to impair or injure; to be permanent; to endure; to last; hence, to find endurance, strength, or resources.
    My mind on its own center stands unmoved.   --Dryden.
 5. To maintain one's ground; to be acquitted; not to fail or yield; to be safe.
    Readers by whose judgment I would stand or fall.   --Spectator.
 6. To maintain an invincible or permanent attitude; to be fixed, steady, or firm; to take a position in resistance or opposition. “The standing pattern of their imitation.”
    The king granted the Jews . . . to gather themselves together, and to stand for their life.   --Esther viii. 11.
 7. To adhere to fixed principles; to maintain moral rectitude; to keep from falling into error or vice.
    We must labor so as to stand with godliness, according to his appointment.   --Latimer.
 8. To have or maintain a position, order, or rank; to be in a particular relation; as, Christian charity, or love, stands first in the rank of gifts.
 9. To be in some particular state; to have essence or being; to be; to consist. “Sacrifices . . . which stood only in meats and drinks.”
 Accomplish what your signs foreshow;
 I stand resigned, and am prepared to go.   --Dryden.
    Thou seest how it stands with me, and that I may not tarry.   --Sir W. Scott.
 10. To be consistent; to agree; to accord.
 Doubt me not; by heaven, I will do nothing
 But what may stand with honor.   --Massinger.
 11. Naut. To hold a course at sea; as, to stand from the shore; to stand for the harbor.
    From the same parts of heaven his navy stands.   --Dryden.
 12. To offer one's self, or to be offered, as a candidate.
    He stood to be elected one of the proctors of the university.   --Walton.
 13. To stagnate; not to flow; to be motionless.
    Or the black water of Pomptina stands.   --Dryden.
 14. To measure when erect on the feet.
    Six feet two, as I think, he stands.   --Tennyson.
 15. Law (a) To be or remain as it is; to continue in force; to have efficacy or validity; to abide. --Bouvier. (b) To appear in court. --Burrill.
 16. Card Playing To be, or signify that one is, willing to play with one's hand as dealt.
 Stand by Naut., a preparatory order, equivalent to Be ready.
 To stand against, to oppose; to resist.
 To stand by. (a) To be near; to be a spectator; to be present. (b) To be aside; to be set aside with disregard. “In the interim [we] let the commands stand by neglected.” --Dr. H. More. (c) To maintain; to defend; to support; not to desert; as, to stand by one's principles or party. (d) To rest on for support; to be supported by. --Whitgift. (e) To remain as a spectator, and take no part in an action; as, we can't just stand idly by while people are being killed.
 To stand corrected, to be set right, as after an error in a statement of fact; to admit having been in error. --Wycherley.
 To stand fast, to be fixed; to be unshaken or immovable.
 To stand firmly on, to be satisfied or convinced of. “Though Page be a secure fool, and stands so firmly on his wife's frailty.” --Shak.
 To stand for. (a) To side with; to espouse the cause of; to support; to maintain, or to profess or attempt to maintain; to defend.  “I stand wholly for you.” --Shak. (b) To be in the place of; to be the substitute or representative of; to represent; as, a cipher at the left hand of a figure stands for nothing. “I will not trouble myself, whether these names stand for the same thing, or really include one another.” --Locke. (c) To tolerate; as, I won't stand for any delay.
 To stand in, to cost. “The same standeth them in much less cost.” --Robynson (More's Utopia).
    The Punic wars could not have stood the human race in less than three millions of the species.   --Burke.
 To stand in hand, to conduce to one's interest; to be serviceable or advantageous.
 To stand off. (a) To keep at a distance. (b) Not to comply. (c) To keep at a distance in friendship, social intercourse, or acquaintance. (d) To appear prominent; to have relief. “Picture is best when it standeth off, as if it were carved.” --Sir H. Wotton.
 To stand off and on Naut., to remain near a coast by sailing toward land and then from it.
 To stand on Naut., to continue on the same tack or course.
 To stand out. (a) To project; to be prominent. “Their eyes stand out with fatness.” --Psalm lxxiii. 7. (b) To persist in opposition or resistance; not to yield or comply; not to give way or recede.
 His spirit is come in,
 That so stood out against the holy church.   --Shak.
 To stand to. (a) To ply; to urge; to persevere in using. Stand to your tackles, mates, and stretch your oars.” --Dryden. (b) To remain fixed in a purpose or opinion. “I will stand to it, that this is his sense.” --Bp. Stillingfleet. (c) To abide by; to adhere to; as to a contract, assertion, promise, etc.; as, to stand to an award; to stand to one's word. (d) Not to yield; not to fly; to maintain, as one's ground. “Their lives and fortunes were put in safety, whether they stood to it or ran away.” --Bacon. (e) To be consistent with; to agree with; as, it stands to reason that he could not have done so; same as stand with, below . (f) To support; to uphold. Stand to me in this cause.” --Shak.
 To stand together, to be consistent; to agree.
 To stand to reason to be reasonable; to be expected.
 To stand to sea Naut., to direct the course from land.
 To stand under, to undergo; to withstand. --Shak.
 To stand up. (a) To rise from sitting; to be on the feet. (b) To arise in order to speak or act. “Against whom, when the accusers stood up, they brought none accusation of such things as I supposed.” --Acts xxv. 18. (c) To rise and stand on end, as the hair. (d) To put one's self in opposition; to contend. “Once we stood up about the corn.” --Shak.
 To stand up for, to defend; to justify; to support, or attempt to support; as, to stand up for the administration.
 To stand upon. (a) To concern; to interest. (b) To value; to esteem. “We highly esteem and stand much upon our birth.” --Ray. (c) To insist on; to attach much importance to; as, to stand upon security; to stand upon ceremony. (d) To attack; to assault. [A Hebraism] “So I stood upon him, and slew him.” --2 Sam. i. 10.
 To stand with, to be consistent with. “It stands with reason that they should be rewarded liberally.” --Sir J. Davies.

From: WordNet (r) 2.0

 stand by
      v 1: not act or do anything; "He just stood by when the police
           beat up the demonstrators"
      2: be available or ready for a certain function or service
         [syn: stick around, stick about]
      3: be loyal to; "She stood by her husband in times of trouble";
         "The friends stuck together through the war" [syn: stick
         by, stick, adhere]