square /ˈskwær, ˈskwɛr/
square /ˈskwæ(ə)r, ˈskwɛ(ə)r/ 形容詞
平方 正方形 廣場
1. Geom. (a) The corner, or angle, of a figure. [Obs.] (b) A parallelogram having four equal sides and four right angles.
2. Hence, anything which is square, or nearly so; as: (a) A square piece or fragment.
He bolted his food down his capacious throat in squares of three inches. --Sir W. Scott.
(b) A pane of glass. (c) Print. A certain number of lines, forming a portion of a column, nearly square; -- used chiefly in reckoning the prices of advertisements in newspapers. (d) Carp. One hundred superficial feet.
3. An area of four sides, generally with houses on each side; sometimes, a solid block of houses; also, an open place or area for public use, as at the meeting or intersection of two or more streets.
The statue of Alexander VII. stands in the large square of the town. --Addison.
4. Mech. & Joinery An instrument having at least one right angle and two or more straight edges, used to lay out or test square work. It is of several forms, as the T square, the carpenter's square, the try-square., etc.
5. Hence, a pattern or rule. [Obs.]
6. Arith. & Alg. The product of a number or quantity multiplied by itself; thus, 64 is the square of 8, for 8 × 8 = 64; the square of a + b is a² + 2ab + b².
7. Exact proportion; justness of workmanship and conduct; regularity; rule. [Obs.]
They of Galatia [were] much more out of square. --Hooker.
I have not kept my square. --Shak.
8. Mil. A body of troops formed in a square, esp. one formed to resist a charge of cavalry; a squadron. “The brave squares of war.”
9. Fig.: The relation of harmony, or exact agreement; equality; level.
We live not on the square with such as these. --Dryden.
10. Astrol. The position of planets distant ninety degrees from each other; a quadrate. [Obs.]
11. The act of squaring, or quarreling; a quarrel. [R.]
12. The front of a woman's dress over the bosom, usually worked or embroidered. [Obs.]
fair and square in a fair, straightforward, and honest manner; justly; as, he beat me fair and square.
Geometrical square. See Quadrat, n., 2.
Hollow square Mil., a formation of troops in the shape of a square, each side consisting of four or five ranks, and the colors, officers, horses, etc., occupying the middle.
Least square, Magic square, etc. See under Least, Magic, etc.
On the square, or Upon the square, (a) in an open, fair manner; honestly, or upon honor; justly. [Obs or Colloq.] (b) at right angles.
On the square with, or Upon the square with, upon equality with; even with. --Nares.
To be all squares, to be all settled. [Colloq.] --Dickens.
To be at square, to be in a state of quarreling. [Obs.] --Nares.
To break no squares, to give no offense; to make no difference. [Obs.]
To break squares, to depart from an accustomed order. [Obs.]
To see how the squares go, to see how the game proceeds; -- a phrase taken from the game of chess, the chessboard being formed with squares. [Obs.] --L'Estrange.
1. Geom. Having four equal sides and four right angles; as, a square figure.
2. Forming a right angle; as, a square corner.
3. Having a shape broad for the height, with rectilineal and angular rather than curving outlines; as, a man of a square frame.
4. Exactly suitable or correspondent; true; just.
She's a most triumphant lady, if report be square to her. --Shak.
5. Rendering equal justice; exact; fair; honest; as, square dealing.
6. Even; leaving no balance; as, to make or leave the accounts square.
7. Leaving nothing; hearty; vigorous.
By Heaven, square eaters.
More meat, I say. --Beau. & Fl.
8. Naut. At right angles with the mast or the keel, and parallel to the horizon; -- said of the yards of a square-rigged vessel when they are so braced.
Note: ☞ Square is often used in self-explaining compounds or combinations, as in square-built, square-cornered, square-cut, square-nosed, etc.
Square foot, an area equal to that of a square the sides of which are twelve inches; 144 square inches.
Square knot, a knot in which the terminal and standing parts are parallel to each other; a reef knot. See Illust. under Knot.
Square measure, the measure of a superficies or surface which depends on the length and breadth taken conjointly. The units of square measure are squares whose sides are the linear measures; as, square inches, square feet, square meters, etc.
Square number. See Square, n., 6.
Square root of a number or Square root of a quantity Math., that number or quantity which, multiplied by itself, produces the given number or quantity.
Square sail Naut., a four-sided sail extended upon a yard suspended by the middle; sometimes, the foresail of a schooner set upon a yard; also, a cutter's or sloop's sail boomed out. See Illust. of Sail.
Square stern Naut., a stern having a transom and joining the counter timbers at an angle, as distinguished from a round stern, which has no transom.
Three-square, Five-square, etc., having three, five, etc., equal sides; as, a three-square file.
To get square with, to get even with; to pay off. [Colloq.]
Square, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Squared p. pr. & vb. n. Squaring.]
1. To form with four equal sides and four right angles.
2. To form with right angles and straight lines, or flat surfaces; as, to square masons' work.
3. To compare with, or reduce to, any given measure or standard.
4. To adjust; to regulate; to mold; to shape; to fit; as, to square our actions by the opinions of others.
Square my trial
To my proportioned strength. --Milton.
5. To make even, so as to leave no remainder or difference; to balance; as, to square accounts.
6. Math. To multiply by itself; as, to square a number or a quantity.
7. Astrol. To hold a quartile position respecting.
The icy Goat and Crab that square the Scales. --Creech.
8. Naut. To place at right angles with the keel; as, to square the yards.
To square one's shoulders, to raise the shoulders so as to give them a square appearance, -- a movement expressing contempt or dislike. --Sir W. Scott.
To square the circle Math., to determine the exact contents of a circle in square measure. The solution of this famous problem is now generally admitted to be impossible.
Square, v. i.
1. To accord or agree exactly; to be consistent with; to conform or agree; to suit; to fit.
No works shall find acceptance . . .
That square not truly with the Scripture plan. --Cowper.
2. To go to opposite sides; to take an attitude of offense or defense, or of defiance; to quarrel. [Obs.]
Are you such fools
To square for this? --Shak.
3. To take a boxing attitude; -- often with up, sometimes with off. [Colloq.]
adj 1: having four equal sides and four right angles or forming a
right angle; "a square peg in a round hole"; "a square
corner" [ant: round]
2: leaving no balance; "my account with you is now all square"
3: characterized by honesty and fairness; "a square deal";
"wanted to do the square thing" [syn: straight]
4: without evasion or compromise; "a square contradiction"; "he
is not being as straightforward as it appears" [syn: square(a),
5: rigidly conventional or old-fashioned [syn: straight]
n 1: (geometry) a plane rectangle with four equal sides and four
right angles; a four-sided regular polygon; "you can
compute the area of a square if you know the length of
its sides" [syn: foursquare]
2: the product of two equal terms; "nine is the second power of
three"; "gravity is inversely proportional to the square
of the distance" [syn: second power]
3: an open area at the meeting of two or more streets [syn: public
4: something approximating the shape of a square
5: someone who doesn't understand what is going on [syn: lame]
6: a formal and conservative person with old-fashioned views
[syn: square toes]
7: any artifact having a shape similar to a plane geometric
figure with four equal sides and four right angles; "a
checkerboard has 64 squares"
8: a hand tool consisting of two straight arms at right angles;
used to construct or test right angles; "the carpenter who
built this room must have lost his square"
adv 1: in a straight direct way; "looked him squarely in the eye";
"ran square into me" [syn: squarely]
2: with honesty and fairness; "dealt squarely with his
customers"; "always treated me square" [syn: squarely]
3: in a square shape; "a squarely cut piece of paper"; "folded
the sheet of paper square" [syn: squarely]
4: firmly and solidly; "hit the ball squarely"; "the bat met
the ball squarely"; "planted his great bulk square before
his enemy" [syn: squarely]
v 1: raise to the second power
2: make square; "Square the circle"; "square the wood with a
file" [syn: square up]
3: cause to match, as of ideas or acts
4: position so as to be square; "He squared his shoulders"
5: be compatible with; "one idea squares with another"
6: pay someone and settle a debt; "I squared with him"
7: turn the paddle; in canoeing [syn: feather]
8: turn the oar, while rowing [syn: feather]