變化 改變 變更
Change v. t. [imp. & p. p. Changed p. pr. & vb. n. Changing.]
1. To alter; to make different; to cause to pass from one state to another; as, to change the position, character, or appearance of a thing; to change the countenance.
Therefore will I change their glory into shame. --Hosea. iv. 7.
2. To alter by substituting something else for, or by giving up for something else; as, to change the clothes; to change one's occupation; to change one's intention.
They that do change old love for new,
Pray gods, they change for worse! --Peele.
3. To give and take reciprocally; to exchange; -- followed by with; as, to change place, or hats, or money, with another.
Look upon those thousands with whom thou wouldst not, for any interest, change thy fortune and condition. --Jer. Taylor.
4. Specifically: To give, or receive, smaller denominations of money (technically called change) for; as, to change a gold coin or a bank bill.
He pulled out a thirty-pound note and bid me change it. --Goldsmith.
To change a horse, or To change hand Man., to turn or bear the horse's head from one hand to the other, from the left to right, or from the right to the left.
To change hands, to change owners.
To change one's tune, to become less confident or boastful. [Colloq.]
To change step, to take a break in the regular succession of steps, in marching or walking, as by bringing the hollow of one foot against the heel of the other, and then stepping off with the foot which is in advance.
Syn: -- To alter; vary; deviate; substitute; innovate; diversify; shift; veer; turn. See Alter.
Change, v. i.
1. To be altered; to undergo variation; as, men sometimes change for the better.
For I am Lord, I change not. --Mal. iii. 6.
2. To pass from one phase to another; as, the moon changes to-morrow night.
1. Any variation or alteration; a passing from one state or form to another; as, a change of countenance; a change of habits or principles.
Apprehensions of a change of dynasty. --Hallam.
All the days of my appointed time will I wait, till my change come. --Job xiv. 14.
2. A succesion or substitution of one thing in the place of another; a difference; novelty; variety; as, a change of seasons.
Our fathers did for change to France repair. --Dryden.
The ringing grooves of change. --Tennyson.
3. A passing from one phase to another; as, a change of the moon.
4. Alteration in the order of a series; permutation.
5. That which makes a variety, or may be substituted for another.
Thirty change (R.V. changes) of garments. --Judg. xiv. 12.
6. Small money; the money by means of which the larger coins and bank bills are made available in small dealings; hence, the balance returned when payment is tendered by a coin or note exceeding the sum due.
7. A place where merchants and others meet to transact business; a building appropriated for mercantile transactions. [Colloq. for Exchange.]
8. A public house; an alehouse. [Scot.]
They call an alehouse a change. --Burt.
9. Mus. Any order in which a number of bells are struck, other than that of the diatonic scale.
Four bells admit twenty-four changes in ringing. --Holder.
Change of life, the period in the life of a woman when menstruation and the capacity for conception cease, usually occurring between forty-five and fifty years of age.
Change ringing, the continual production, without repetition, of changes on bells, See def. 9. above.
Change wheel Mech., one of a set of wheels of different sizes and number of teeth, that may be changed or substituted one for another in machinery, to produce a different but definite rate of angular velocity in an axis, as in cutting screws, gear, etc.
To ring the changes on, to present the same facts or arguments in variety of ways.
Syn: -- Variety; variation; alteration; mutation; transition; vicissitude; innovation; novelty; transmutation; revolution; reverse.
n 1: an event that occurs when something passes from one state or
phase to another; "the change was intended to increase
sales"; "this storm is certainly a change for the
worse"; "the neighborhood had undergone few
modifications since his last visit years ago" [syn: alteration,
2: a relational difference between states; especially between
states before and after some event; "he attributed the
change to their marriage"
3: the action of changing something; "the change of government
had no impact on the economy"; "his change on abortion
cost him the election"
4: the result of alteration or modification; "there were marked
changes in the lining of the lungs"; "there had been no
change in the mountains"
5: the balance of money received when the amount you tender is
greater than the amount due; "I paid with a twenty and
pocketed the change"
6: a thing that is different; "he inspected several changes
before selecting one"
7: a different or fresh set of clothes; "she brought a change
in her overnight bag"
8: coins of small denomination regarded collectively; "he had a
pocketful of change"
9: money received in return for its equivalent in a larger
denomination or a different currency; "he got change for a
twenty and used it to pay the taxi driver"
10: a difference that is usually pleasant; "he goes to France
for variety"; "it is a refreshing change to meet a woman
mechanic" [syn: variety]
v 1: undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's
or its original nature; "She changed completely as she
grew older"; "The weather changed last night" [ant: stay]
2: cause to change; make different; cause a transformation;
"The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth
pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my
thinking about the issue" [syn: alter, modify]
3: make or become different in some particular way, without
permanently losing one's or its former characteristics or
essence; "her mood changes in accordance with the
weather"; "The supermarket's selection of vegetables
varies according to the season" [syn: alter, vary]
4: lay aside, abandon, or leave for another; "switch to a
different brand of beer"; "She switched psychiatrists";
"The car changed lanes" [syn: switch, shift]
5: change clothes; put on different clothes; "Change before you
go to the opera"
6: exchange or replace with another, usually of the same kind
or category; "Could you convert my dollars into pounds?";
"He changed his name"; "convert centimeters into inches";
"convert holdings into shares" [syn: exchange, commute,
7: give to, and receive from, one another; "Would you change
places with me?"; "We have been exchanging letters for a
year" [syn: exchange, interchange]
8: change from one vehicle or transportation line to another;
"She changed in Chicago on her way to the East coast"
9: become deeper in tone; "His voice began to change when he
was 12 years old"; "Her voice deepened when she whispered
the password" [syn: deepen]
10: remove or replace the coverings of; "Father had to learn how
to change the baby"; "After each guest we changed the bed