1. From one side to another; from side to side; across; crosswise; as, a board, or a tree, a foot over, i. e., a foot in diameter.
2. From one person or place to another regarded as on the opposite side of a space or barrier; -- used with verbs of motion; as, to sail over to England; to hand over the money; to go over to the enemy. “We will pass over to Gibeah.” --Judges xix. 12. Also, with verbs of being: At, or on, the opposite side; as, the boat is over.
3. From beginning to end; throughout the course, extent, or expanse of anything; as, to look over accounts, or a stock of goods; a dress covered over with jewels.
4. From inside to outside, above or across the brim.
Good measure, pressed down . . . and running over. --Luke vi. 38.
5. Beyond a limit; hence, in excessive degree or quantity; superfluously; with repetition; as, to do the whole work over. “So over violent.”
He that gathered much had nothing over. --Ex. xvi. 18.
6. In a manner to bring the under side to or towards the top; as, to turn (one's self) over; to roll a stone over; to turn over the leaves; to tip over a cart.
7. Completed; at an end; beyond the limit of continuance; finished; as, when will the play be over?. “Their distress was over.” --Macaulay. “The feast was over.” --Sir W. Scott.
Note: ☞ Over, out, off, and similar adverbs, are often used in the predicate with the sense and force of adjectives, agreeing in this respect with the adverbs of place, here, there, everywhere, nowhere; as, the games were over; the play is over; the master was out; his hat is off.
Note: ☞ Over is much used in composition, with the same significations that it has as a separate word; as in overcast, overflow, to cast or flow so as to spread over or cover; overhang, to hang above; overturn, to turn so as to bring the underside towards the top; overact, overreach, to act or reach beyond, implying excess or superiority.
All over. (a) Over the whole; upon all parts; completely; as, he is spatterd with mud all over. (b) Wholly over; at an end; as, it is all over with him.
Over again, once more; with repetition; afresh; anew. --Dryden.
Over against, opposite; in front. --Addison.
Over and above, in a manner, or degree, beyond what is supposed, defined, or usual; besides; in addition; as, not over and above well. “He . . . gained, over and above, the good will of all people.” --L' Estrange.
Over and over, repeatedly; again and again.
To boil over. See under Boil, v. i.
To come it over, To do over, To give over, etc. See under Come, Do, Give, etc.
To throw over, to abandon; to betray. Cf. To throw overboard, under Overboard.
do v. t. ∨ auxiliary. [imp. did p. p. done p. pr. & vb. n. Doing This verb, when transitive, is formed in the indicative, present tense, thus: I do, thou doest or dost he does doeth or doth when auxiliary, the second person is, thou dost. As an independent verb, dost is obsolete or rare, except in poetry. “What dost thou in this world?” --Milton. The form doeth is a verb unlimited, doth, formerly so used, now being the auxiliary form. The second pers, sing., imperfect tense, is didst formerly didest ]
1. To place; to put. [Obs.]
2. To cause; to make; -- with an infinitive. [Obs.]
My lord Abbot of Westminster did do shewe to me late certain evidences. --W. Caxton.
I shall . . . your cloister do make. --Piers Plowman.
A fatal plague which many did to die. --Spenser.
We do you to wit [=\i. e., We make you to know] of the grace of God bestowed on the churches of Macedonia.\= --2 Cor. viii. 1.
Note: ☞ We have lost the idiom shown by the citations (do used like the French faire or laisser), in which the verb in the infinitive apparently, but not really, has a passive signification, i. e., cause . . . to be made.
3. To bring about; to produce, as an effect or result; to effect; to achieve.
The neglecting it may do much danger. --Shak.
He waved indifferently 'twixt doing them neither good not harm. --Shak.
4. To perform, as an action; to execute; to transact to carry out in action; as, to do a good or a bad act; do our duty; to do what I can.
Six days shalt thou labor and do all thy work. --Ex. xx. 9.
We did not do these things. --Ld. Lytton.
You can not do wrong without suffering wrong. --Emerson.
Hence: To do homage, honor, favor, justice, etc., to render homage, honor, etc.
5. To bring to an end by action; to perform completely; to finish; to accomplish; -- a sense conveyed by the construction, which is that of the past participle done. “Ere summer half be done.” “I have done weeping.”
6. To make ready for an object, purpose, or use, as food by cooking; to cook completely or sufficiently; as, the meat is done on one side only.
7. To put or bring into a form, state, or condition, especially in the phrases, to do death, to put to death; to slay; to do away (often do away with), to put away; to remove; to do on, to put on; to don; to do off, to take off, as dress; to doff; to do into, to put into the form of; to translate or transform into, as a text.
Done to death by slanderous tongues. -- Shak.
The ground of the difficulty is done away. -- Paley.
Suspicions regarding his loyalty were entirely done away. --Thackeray.
To do on our own harness, that we may not; but we must do on the armor of God. -- Latimer.
Then Jason rose and did on him a fair
Blue woolen tunic. -- W. Morris (Jason).
Though the former legal pollution be now done off, yet there is a spiritual contagion in idolatry as much to be shunned. --Milton.
It [=\“Pilgrim's Progress”] has been done into verse: it has been done into modern English.\= -- Macaulay.
8. To cheat; to gull; to overreach. [Colloq.]
He was not be done, at his time of life, by frivolous offers of a compromise that might have secured him seventy-five per cent. -- De Quincey.
9. To see or inspect; to explore; as, to do all the points of interest. [Colloq.]
10. Stock Exchange To cash or to advance money for, as a bill or note.
11. To perform work upon, about, for, or at, by way of caring for, looking after, preparing, cleaning, keeping in order, or the like.
The sergeants seem to do themselves pretty well. --Harper's Mag.
12. To deal with for good and all; to finish up; to undo; to ruin; to do for. [Colloq. or Slang]
Sometimes they lie in wait in these dark streets, and fracture his skull, . . . or break his arm, or cut the sinew of his wrist; and that they call doing him. --Charles Reade.
Note: ☞ (a) Do and did are much employed as auxiliaries, the verb to which they are joined being an infinitive. As an auxiliary the verb do has no participle. “I do set my bow in the cloud.” --Gen. ix. 13. [Now archaic or rare except for emphatic assertion.]
Rarely . . . did the wrongs of individuals to the knowledge of the public. -- Macaulay.
(b) They are often used in emphatic construction. “You don't say so, Mr. Jobson. -- but I do say so.” --Sir W. Scott. “I did love him, but scorn him now.” --Latham. (c) In negative and interrogative constructions, do and did are in common use. I do not wish to see them; what do you think? Did Cæsar cross the Tiber? He did not. “Do you love me?” --Shak. (d) Do, as an auxiliary, is supposed to have been first used before imperatives. It expresses entreaty or earnest request; as, do help me. In the imperative mood, but not in the indicative, it may be used with the verb to be; as, do be quiet. Do, did, and done often stand as a general substitute or representative verb, and thus save the repetition of the principal verb. “To live and die is all we have to do.” --Denham. In the case of do and did as auxiliaries, the sense may be completed by the infinitive (without to) of the verb represented. “When beauty lived and died as flowers do now.” --Shak. “I . . . chose my wife as she did her wedding gown.”
My brightest hopes giving dark fears a being.
As the light does the shadow. -- Longfellow.
In unemphatic affirmative sentences do is, for the most part, archaic or poetical; as, “This just reproach their virtue does excite.”
To do one's best, To do one's diligence (and the like), to exert one's self; to put forth one's best or most or most diligent efforts. “We will . . . do our best to gain their assent.” --Jowett (Thucyd.).
To do one's business, to ruin one. [Colloq.] --Wycherley.
To do one shame, to cause one shame. [Obs.]
To do over. (a) To make over; to perform a second time. (b) To cover; to spread; to smear. “Boats . . . sewed together and done over with a kind of slimy stuff like rosin.” --De Foe.
To do to death, to put to death. (See 7.) [Obs.]
To do up. (a) To put up; to raise. [Obs.] --Chaucer. (b) To pack together and envelop; to pack up. (c) To accomplish thoroughly. [Colloq.] (d) To starch and iron. “A rich gown of velvet, and a ruff done up with the famous yellow starch.” --Hawthorne.
To do way, to put away; to lay aside. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
To do with, to dispose of; to make use of; to employ; -- usually preceded by what. “Men are many times brought to that extremity, that were it not for God they would not know what to do with themselves.” --Tillotson.
To have to do with, to have concern, business or intercourse with; to deal with. When preceded by what, the notion is usually implied that the affair does not concern the person denoted by the subject of have. “Philology has to do with language in its fullest sense.” --Earle. “What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah?” --2 Sam. xvi. 10.